Domain

Tetracyclin repressor SlmA-like, C-terminal domain (IPR041669)

Short name: TetR_C_15

Overlapping homologous superfamilies

None.

Domain relationships

None.

Description

TetR family regulators are involved in the transcriptional control of multidrug efflux pumps, pathways for the biosynthesis of antibiotics, response to osmotic stress and toxic chemicals, control of catabolic pathways, differentiation processes, and pathogenicity [PMID: 15944459]. The TetR proteins identified in overm ultiple genera of bacteria and archaea share a common helix-turn-helix (HTH) structure in their DNA-binding domain. However, TetR proteins can work in different ways: they can bind a target operator directly to exert their effect (e.g. TetR binds Tet(A) gene to repress it in the absence of tetracycline), or they can be involved in complex regulatory cascades in which the TetR protein can either be modulated by another regulator or TetR can trigger the cellular response.

This entry represents the C-terminal domain found in a number of different TetR transcription regulator proteins including SlmA proteins found in E. coli. Unlike other TetR proteins, SlmA functions not as a transcription regulator but rather as an NO (nucleoid occlusion) factor [PMID: 27091999]. TetR regulates the expression of the membrane-associated tetracycline resistance protein, TetA, which exports the tetracycline antibiotic out of the cell before it can attach to the ribosomes and inhibit protein synthesis [PMID: 7707374]. TetR blocks transcription from the genes encoding both TetA and TetR in the absence of antibiotic. The C-terminal domain is multi-helical and is interlocked in the homodimer with the helix-turn-helix (HTH) DNA-binding domain [PMID: 7707374].

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
Pfam