Homologous Superfamily

SWIB/MDM2 domain superfamily (IPR036885)

Short name: SWIB_MDM2_dom_sf

Overlapping entries

Description

The SWI/SNF family of complexes, which are conserved from yeast to humans, are ATP-dependent chromatin-remodelling proteins that facilitate transcription activation [PMID: 11147808]. The mammalian complexes are made up of 9-12 proteins called BAFs (BRG1-associated factors). The BAF60 family have at least three members: BAF60a, which is ubiquitous, BAF60b and BAF60c, which are expressed in muscle and pancreatic tissues, respectively. BAF60b is present in alternative forms of the SWI/SNF complex, including complex B (SWIB), which lacks BAF60a. The SWIB domain is a conserved region found within the BAF60b proteins [PMID: 12016060], and can be found fused to the C terminus of DNA topoisomerase in Chlamydia.

MDM2 is an oncoprotein that acts as a cellular inhibitor of the p53 tumour suppressor by binding to the transactivation domain of p53 and suppressing its ability to activate transcription [PMID: 8875929]. p53 acts in response to DNA damage, inducing cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. Inactivation of p53 is a common occurrence in neoplastic transformations. The core of MDM2 folds into an open bundle of four helices, which is capped by two small 3-stranded beta-sheets. It consists of a duplication of two structural repeats. MDM2 has a deep hydrophobic cleft on which the p53 alpha-helix binds; p53 residues involved in transactivation are buried deep within the cleft of MDM2, thereby concealing the p53 transactivation domain.

The SWIB and MDM2 domains are homologous and share a common fold. The core of this domain is composed of four helices arranged in an open bundle, capped by two small 3-stranded beta-sheets.

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
SUPERFAMILY
GENE3D