Domain

Tumour necrosis factor receptor 8, N-terminal (IPR034002)

Short name: TNFRSF8_N

Overlapping homologous superfamilies

None.

Domain relationships

None.

Description

Tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily member 8 (TNFRSF8), also known as CD30, Ki-1 or D1S166E, is expressed by activated T and B cells. It transduces signals that lead to the activation of NF-kappaB, mediated by the adaptor proteins TRAF2 and TRAF5 [PMID: 8999898]. This receptor has been shown to limit the proliferative potential of auto-reactive CD8 effector T cells and protect the body against autoimmunity [PMID: 10192335]. Two alternatively spliced transcript variants of this gene encoding distinct isoforms have been reported. CD30 is expressed in malignant Hodgkin and Reed-Sternberg cells on the surface of extracellular vesicles, facilitating CD30-CD30L interaction between cell types [PMID: 24659185]. This receptor is also associated with anaplastic large cell lymphoma. It is expressed in embryonal carcinoma, but not in seminoma, making it a useful marker in distinguishing between these germ cell tumors [PMID: 2849300, PMID: 11799147]. Since CD30 has restricted expression in normal tissues, it is an optimal target for selectively eliminating CD30-expressing neoplastic cells by specific toxin-conjugated monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) [PMID: 10727988, PMID: 12714494].

This entry represents the N-terminal domain of TNFRSF8. TNF-receptors are modular proteins. The N-terminal extracellular part contains a cysteine-rich region responsible for ligand-binding. This region is composed of small modules of about 40 residues containing 6 conserved cysteines; the number and type of modules can vary in different members of the family [PMID: 9538693, PMID: 8387891, PMID: 11796220].

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
CDD