Family

Ubiquitin-fold modifier 1 (IPR005375)

Short name: UFM1

Overlapping homologous superfamilies

Family relationships

None.

Description

This entry represents Ufm1 (ubiquitin-fold modifier), which is a ubiquitin-like protein with structural similarities to ubiquitin [PMID: 10884686, PMID: 15071506]. Ufm1 is one of a number of ubiquitin-like modifiers that conjugate to target proteins in cells through Uba5 (E1) and Ufc1 (E2). The Ufm1-system is conserved in metazoa and plants, suggesting it has a potential role in multicellular organisms [PMID: 16527251]. Human Ufm1 is synthesized as a precursor consisting of 85 amino-acid residues. Prior to activation by Uba5, the extra amino acids at the C-terminal region of Ufm1 are removed to expose Gly, which is necessary for conjugation to target molecule(s). C-terminal processing of Ufm1 requires two specific cysteine peptidases (IPR012462): UfSP1 and UfSP2; both peptidases are also able to release Ufm1 from Ufm1-conjugated cellular proteins. UfSP2 is present in most, if not all, of multi-cellular organisms including plant, nematode, fly, and mammal, whereas UfSP1 is not present in plants and nematodes [PMID: 17182609].

GO terms

Biological Process

GO:0071569 protein ufmylation

Molecular Function

No terms assigned in this category.

Cellular Component

No terms assigned in this category.

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
PANTHER
CDD
PIRSF
Pfam