Prefoldin beta-like (IPR002777)

Short name: PFD_beta-like

Overlapping homologous superfamilies

Family relationships


Prefoldin (PFD) is a chaperone that interacts exclusively with type II chaperonins, hetero-oligomers lacking an obligate co-chaperonin that are found only in eukaryotes (chaperonin-containing T-complex polypeptide-1 (CCT)) and archaea. Eukaryotic PFD is a multi-subunit complex containing six polypeptides in the molecular mass range of 14-23kDa. In archaea, on the other hand, PFD is composed of two types of subunits, two alpha and four beta. The six subunits associate to form two back-to-back up-and-down eight-stranded barrels, from which hang six coiled coils. Each subunit contributes one (beta subunits) or two (alpha subunits) beta hairpin turns to the barrels. The coiled coils are formed by the N and C termini of an individual subunit. Overall, this unique arrangement resembles a jellyfish. The eukaryotic PFD hexamer is composed of six different subunits; however, these can be grouped into two alpha-like (PFD3 and -5) and four beta-like (PFD1, -2, -4, and -6) subunits based on amino acid sequence similarity with their archaeal counterparts. Eukaryotic PFD has a six-legged structure similar to that seen in the archaeal homologue [PMID: 11106732, PMID: 12456645]. This family contains the archaeal beta subunit, eukaryotic prefoldin subunits 1, 2, 4 and 6.

Eukaryotic PFD has been shown to bind both actin and tubulin co-translationally. The chaperone then delivers the target protein to CCT, interacting with the chaperonin through the tips of the coiled coils. No authentic target proteins of any archaeal PFD have been identified, to date.

GO terms

Biological Process

GO:0006457 protein folding

Molecular Function

GO:0051082 unfolded protein binding

Cellular Component

GO:0016272 prefoldin complex

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.