Domain

TNFR/NGFR cysteine-rich region (IPR001368)

Short name: TNFR/NGFR_Cys_rich_reg

Domain relationships

None.

Description

A number of proteins, some of which are known to be receptors for growth factors, have been found to contain a cysteine-rich domain of about 110 to 160 amino acids in their N-terminal part, that can be subdivided into four (or in some cases, three) modules of about 40 residues containing 6 conserved cysteines. Some of the proteins containing this domain are listed below [PMID: 2174582, PMID: 15335933, PMID: 15335677]:

  • Tumor Necrosis Factor type I and type II receptors (TNFR). Both receptors bind TNF-alpha and TNF-beta, but are only similar in the cysteine-rich region. TNFR contains four cysteine-rich domain modules (CRDs), termed CRD1 through CRD4. CRD2 and CRD3 are known as TNF-binding domains [PMID: 8387891].
  • Shope fibroma virus soluble TNF receptor (protein T2)
  • Lymphotoxin alpha/beta receptor
  • Low-affinity nerve growth factor receptor (LA-NGFR) (p75)
  • CD40 (Bp50), the receptor for the CD40L (or TRAP) cytokine
  • CD27, the receptor for the CD27L cytokine
  • CD30, the receptor for the CD30L cytokine
  • T-cell protein 4-1BB, the receptor for the 4-1BBL putative cytokine
  • FAS antigen (or APO-1), the receptor for FASL, a protein involved in apoptosis (programmed cell death)
  • T-cell antigen OX40, the receptor for the OX40L cytokine
  • Wsl-1, a receptor (for a yet undefined ligand) that mediates apoptosis
  • Vaccinia virus protein A53 (SalF19R)

It has been shown [PMID: 8387891] that the six cysteines all involved in intrachain disulphide bonds. A schematic representation of the structure of the 40 residue module of these receptors is shown below:

                  +-------------+    +--------------+
                  |             |    |              |
                 xCxxxxxxxxxxxxxCxCxxCxxxxxxxxxCxxxxCxx
                                  |            |
                                  +------------+
'C': conserved cysteine involved in a disulphide bond.

GO terms

Biological Process

No terms assigned in this category.

Molecular Function

GO:0005515 protein binding

Cellular Component

No terms assigned in this category.

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
Pfam
SMART
PROSITE patterns
PROSITE profiles