EC 4.2.3.51 - β-phellandrene synthase (neryl-diphosphate-cyclizing)

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IntEnz Enzyme Nomenclature
EC 4.2.3.51

Names

Accepted name:
β-phellandrene synthase (neryl-diphosphate-cyclizing)
Other names:
phellandrene synthase 1
PHS1
monoterpene synthase PHS1
Systematic name:
neryl-diphosphate diphosphate-lyase [cyclizing; β-phellandrene-forming]

Reaction

Comments:

The enzyme from Solanum lycopersicum has very poor affinity with geranyl diphosphate as substrate. Catalyses the formation of the acyclic myrcene and ocimene as major products in addition to β-phellandrene [1].

Links to other databases

Enzymes and pathways: NC-IUBMB , BRENDA , ExplorEnz , ENZYME@ExPASy , KEGG , MetaCyc , UniPathway
Structural data: CSA , EC2PDB
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

References

  1. Schilmiller, A. L., Schauvinhold, I., Larson, M., Xu, R., Charbonneau, A. L., Schmidt, A., Wilkerson, C., Last, R. L., Pichersky, E.
    Monoterpenes in the glandular trichomes of tomato are synthesized from a neryl diphosphate precursor rather than geranyl diphosphate.
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 106: 10865-10870 (2009). [PMID: 19487664]

[EC 4.2.3.51 created 2010]