EC 2.5.1.67 - Chrysanthemyl diphosphate synthase

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IntEnz Enzyme Nomenclature
EC 2.5.1.67

Names

Accepted name:
chrysanthemyl diphosphate synthase
Other name:
CPPase
Systematic name:
prenyl-diphosphate:prenyl-diphosphate prenyltransferase (chrysanthemyl-diphosphate-forming)

Reaction

Cofactor

Comments:

Requires a divalent metal ion for activity, with Mg2+ being better than Mn2+ [1]. Chrysanthemyl diphosphate is a monoterpene with a non-head-to-tail linkage. It is unlike most monoterpenoids, which are derived from geranyl diphosphate and have isoprene units that are linked head-to-tail. The mechanism of its formation is similar to that of the early steps of squalene and phytoene biosynthesis. Chrysanthemyl diphosphate is the precursor of chrysanthemic acid, the acid half of the pyrethroid insecticides found in chrysanthemums.

Links to other databases

Enzymes and pathways: NC-IUBMB , BRENDA , ExplorEnz , ENZYME@ExPASy , KEGG , MetaCyc , UniPathway
Structural data: CSA , EC2PDB
Gene Ontology: GO:0033849
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

References

  1. Rivera, S.B., Swedlund, B.D., King, G.J., Bell, R.N., Hussey, C.E., Jr., Shattuck-Eidens, D.M., Wrobel, W.M., Peiser, G.D. and Poulter, C.D.
    Chrysanthemyl diphosphate synthase: isolation of the gene and characterization of the recombinant non-head-to-tail monoterpene synthase from Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium.
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 98 : 4373-4378 (2001). [PMID: 11287653]
  2. Erickson, H.K. and Poulter, C.D.
    Chrysanthemyl diphosphate synthase. The relationship among chain elongation, branching, and cyclopropanation reactions in the isoprenoid biosynthetic pathway.
    J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125 : 6886-6888 (2003). [PMID: 12783539]

[EC 2.5.1.67 created 2007]