EC 2.3.1.279 - Long-chain-acyl-CoA—trehalose acyltransferase

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IntEnz Enzyme Nomenclature
EC 2.3.1.279

Names

Accepted name:
long-chain-acyl-CoA—trehalose acyltransferase
Systematic name:
long-chain-fatty acyl-CoA:α,α-trehalose 2-acyltransferase

Reaction

Comments:

The enzyme, characterized from the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis, participates in the biosynthesis of polyacyltrehalose (PAT), a pentaacylated, trehalose-based glycolipid found in the cell wall of pathogenic strains. The enzyme catalyses two successive activities - it first transfers an acyl (often palmitoyl) group to position 2, followed by the transfer of a mycolipenyl group to position 3 (see EC 2.3.1.278, mycolipenoyl-CoA—2-(long-chain-fatty acyl)-trehalose mycolipenoyltransferase).

Links to other databases

Enzymes and pathways: NC-IUBMB , BRENDA , ExplorEnz , ENZYME@ExPASy , KEGG , MetaCyc , UniPathway
Structural data: CSA , EC2PDB

References

  1. Hatzios, S. K., Schelle, M. W., Holsclaw, C. M., Behrens, C. R., Botyanszki, Z., Lin, F. L., Carlson, B. L., Kumar, P., Leary, J. A., Bertozzi, C. R.
    PapA3 is an acyltransferase required for polyacyltrehalose biosynthesis in Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
    J. Biol. Chem. 284: 12745-12751 (2009). [PMID: 19276083]

[EC 2.3.1.279 created 2018]