EC - 9,9'-di-cis-ζ-carotene desaturase

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IntEnz Enzyme Nomenclature


Accepted name:
9,9'-di-cis-ζ-carotene desaturase
Other names:
ζ-carotene desaturase
Systematic name:
9,9'-di-cis-ζ-carotene:quinone oxidoreductase



This enzyme is involved in carotenoid biosynthesis in plants and cyanobacteria.

Links to other databases

Enzymes and pathways: NC-IUBMB , BRENDA , DIAGRAM , ExplorEnz , ENZYME@ExPASy , KEGG , MetaCyc , UniPathway
Structural data: CSA , EC2PDB
Gene Ontology: GO:0052887 , GO:0052886 , GO:0016719
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: (10) [show] [UniProt]


  1. Albrecht, M., Linden, H., Sandmann, G.
    Biochemical characterization of purified ζ-carotene desaturase from Anabaena PCC 7120 after expression in Escherichia coli.
    Eur. J. Biochem. 236 : 115-120 (1996). [PMID: 8617254]
  2. Josse, E. M., Simkin, A. J., Gaffe, J., Laboure, A. M., Kuntz, M., Carol, P.
    A plastid terminal oxidase associated with carotenoid desaturation during chromoplast differentiation.
    Plant Physiol. 123 : 1427-1436 (2000). [PMID: 10938359]
  3. Breitenbach, J., Kuntz, M., Takaichi, S., Sandmann, G.
    Catalytic properties of an expressed and purified higher plant type ζ-carotene desaturase from Capsicum annuum.
    Eur. J. Biochem. 265 : 376-383 (1999). [PMID: 10491195]
  4. Breitenbach, J., Sandmann, G.
    ζ-Carotene cis isomers as products and substrates in the plant poly-cis carotenoid biosynthetic pathway to lycopene.
    Planta 220 : 785-793 (2005). [PMID: 15503129]

[EC created 1999 as EC, transferred 2011 to EC]