Current in-vitro islet differentiation protocols suffer from heterogeneity and low efficiency. Induced-pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) derived from... Show More
Current in-vitro islet differentiation protocols suffer from heterogeneity and low efficiency. Induced-pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) derived from pancreatic beta-cells (BiPSCs) preferentially differentiate towards endocrine pancreas-like cells versus those from fibroblasts (FiPSCs). We interrogated genome-wide open chromatin in BiPSCs and FiPSCs via ATAC-seq, and identified ~8.3k significant, differential open chromatin sites (DOCS) between the two iPSC subtypes (FDR<0.05). DOCS where chromatin was more accessible in BiPSCs (Bi-DOCS) were significantly enriched for known regulators of endodermal development, including bivalent and weak enhancers, and FOXA2 binding sites (FDR<0.05). Bi-DOCS were associated with genes related to pancreas development and beta-cell function, including transcription factors mutated in monogenic diabetes (PDX1, NKX2-2, HNF1A; FDR<0.05). Moreover, Bi-DOCS correlated with enhanced gene expression in BiPSC-derived definitive endoderm and pancreatic progenitor cells. Bi-DOCS therefore highlight genes and pathways governing islet-lineage commitment, which can be exploited for differentiation protocol optimisation, diabetes disease modelling, and therapeutic purposes.
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This study includes 2 datasets:
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RNA-seq data obtained from directed differentiation of a subset of FiPSCs and BiPSCs cell lines towards islet-like cells. RNA was collected at two key developmental stages: definitive endoderm (DE) and pancreatic progenitors (PP).