Patients with gallbladder carcinoma (GBC), the most aggressive malignancy of the biliary tract, have a poor prognosis. Here, we report our... Show More
Patients with gallbladder carcinoma (GBC), the most aggressive malignancy of the biliary tract, have a poor prognosis. Here, we report our identification of somatic mutations of GBCs in 57 tumor-normal pairs by use of a combination of exome sequencing and ultra-deep sequencing of cancer-related genes. The mutation pattern is defined by a dominative prevalence of C>T mutations at TCN sites. Genes with a significant frequency of non-silent mutations include TP53 (47.1%), KRAS (7.8%), and ERBB3 (11.8%). Moreover, ErbB signaling (including EGFR, ERBB2, ERBB3, ERBB4 and their downstream genes) is the most extensively mutated pathway, affecting 36.8% (21 of 57) of the GBC samples. Multivariate analyses further reveal that patients with ErbB pathway mutations have a worse outcome (P = 0.001). These findings provide insight into the somatic mutational landscape in GBC and highlight the key role of the ErbB signaling pathway in the pathogenesis of GBCs.
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This study includes 2 datasets:
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