Diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG) have a universally dismal prognosis (median 9-12 months), with neither chemotherapeutic nor targeted... Show More
Diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG) have a universally dismal prognosis (median 9-12 months), with neither chemotherapeutic nor targeted agents showing any substantial survival benefit in clinical trials in children with these tumours. DIPG are highly infiltrative malignant glial neoplasms of the ventral pons, which due to their location within the brain, make them unsuitable for surgical resection and consequently have a universally dismal clinical outcome. Recent high-throughput sequencing approaches have revealed a striking prevalence of K27M mutations in the genes encoding the histone variants H3.3 (H3F3A) or H3.1 (HIST1H3B) in the childhood brain tumour DIPG. This K-to-M substitution confers a trans-dominant ablation of global H3K27 trimethylation, which likely profoundly alters gene expression through de-repression of polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2) target genes. Despite these advances in our understanding of the distinct biology of these tumours, approaches for specific novel therapeutic interventions are not clear, and little has been reported of the secondary mutations accompanying these changes. We carried out whole genome sequencing on a series of 20 tumour normal pairs of pre-treatment biopsy samples of DIPG, for which the patients underwent a safe stereotactic procedure, and whole exome sequencing on a further six tumour normal pairs obtained at autopsy.
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This study includes 2 datasets:
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