Study 1 In this study we analysed patients with metastatic prostate cancer to scan their tumor genomes noninvasively in plasma DNA. We wanted to... Show More
Study 1 In this study we analysed patients with metastatic prostate cancer to scan their tumor genomes noninvasively in plasma DNA. We wanted to make whole-genome analysis from plasma DNA amenable to clinical routine applications and developed an approach based on a benchtop high-throughput platform, i.e. Illuminas MiSeq instrument. We performed whole-genome sequencing from plasma at a shallow sequencing depth to establish a genome-wide copy number profile of the tumor at low costs within 2 days. The genome-wide profiling in the plasma of our patients revealed multiple copy number aberrations including those previously reported in prostate tumors, such as losses in 8p and gains in 8q. High-level copy number gains in the AR locus were observed in patients with CRPC but not with CSPC disease. We identified the TMPRSS2-ERG rearrangement associated 3-Mbp deletion on chromosome 21 and found corresponding fusion plasma fragments in these cases. In an index case multiregional sequencing of the primary tumor identified different copy number changes in each sector, suggesting multifocal disease. Our plasma analyses of this index case, performed 13 years after resection of the primary tumor, revealed novel chromosomal rearrangements, which were stable in serial plasma analyses over a 9 months period, which is consistent with the presence of one metastatic clone. Our approach provides specific genomic signatures within 2 days which may therefore serve as â€œliquid biopsyâ€.
Alternative Stable ID
This study includes 2 datasets:
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We performed low coverage whole genome sequencing of plasma DNA from prostate cancer patients to establish copy number profiles on both a genome-wide and a gene-specific level. The data include plasma samples from prostate cacner patients (n=13), non-malignant controls (males, n=10 and females, n=9), plasma samples from pregnancies with aneuploid and euploid fetuses (n=4). Furthermore, we sequenced different tumor samples (n=6) of one patients and a serial dilution of HT29 in a background of normal DNA (n=9).
We performed serial plasma-Seq analyses on a male who progressed from castration-sensitive to castration-resistant prostate cancer within 10 months following treatment with androgen-deprivation therapy.