India with over 1.3 billion people is estimated to carry three times more genetic diversity compared to Europe. Next-generation sequencing... Show More
India with over 1.3 billion people is estimated to carry three times more genetic diversity compared to Europe. Next-generation sequencing technologies have facilitated the understanding of diversity by enabling whole genome sequencing at greater speed and lower cost. While multiple genomes from people of European and a few of Asian descent have been sequenced, only recently a single male genome from the Indian subcontinent at sufficient depth and coverage was published. We have in this study sequenced and analyzed the genome of a South Asian Indian female (SAIF) from the Indian state of Kerala. We identified over 3.4 million SNPs in this genome including over 89,873 private variations. Comparison of the SAIF genome with several published personal genomes revealed that this individual shared ~50% of the SNPs with each of these genomes. Analysis of the SAIF mitochondrial genome showed that it is closely related to the U1a3 haplogroup which has been previously observed in Kerala. We assessed the SAIF genome for SNPs with health and disease consequences and found that the individual was at a higher risk for multiple sclerosis and a few other diseases. In assessing SNPs that modulate drug response we found a variation that predicts a favorable response to metformin used for treating diabetes. SNPs predictive of adverse reaction to warfarin indicated that the SAIF individual is not at risk for bleeding if treated with typical doses of warfarin. In addition to these, we report the presence of several other SNPs of medical relevance.
Alternative Stable ID
Whole Genome Sequencing
This study includes 2 datasets:
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