Agilent whole exome hybridisation capture will be performed on genomic DNA derived from Chondrosarcoma cancer and matched normal DNA from the same... Show More
Agilent whole exome hybridisation capture will be performed on genomic DNA derived from Chondrosarcoma cancer and matched normal DNA from the same patients. Next Generation sequencing will be performed on the resulting exome libraries and mapped to build 37 of the human reference genome to facilitate the identification of novel cancer genes
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This study includes 4 datasets:
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Chondrosarcoma (CHS) is a heterogeneous collection of malignant bone tumours and is the second most common primary malignancy of bone after osteosarcoma. Recent work has identified frequent, recurrent mutations in IDH1/2 in nearly half of central CHS. However, there has been little systematic genomic analysis of this tumour type and thus the contribution of other genes is unclear. Here we report comprehensive genomic analyses of 49 cases of CHS. We identified hypermutability of the major cartilage collagen COL2A1 with insertions, deletions and rearrangements identified in 37% of cases. The patterns of mutation were consistent with selection for variants likely to impair normal collagen biosynthesis. In addition we identified mutations in IDH1/2 (59%), TP53 (20%), the RB1 pathway (27%) and hedgehog signaling (22%).
Insertion of processed pseudogenes is known to occur in the germline but has not previously been observed in somatic cells. Formation of pseudogenes could represent a new class of mutation in cancers and a new source of potential driver events.