This DAC controls 212 datasets:

Dataset Accessionsort descending Technology Samples Description
EGAD00001000635 Illumina Genome Analyzer II;, Illumina HiSeq 2000; 50 The ETV6-RUNX1 fusion gene, found in 25% of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), is acquired in utero but requires additional somatic mutations for overt leukemia. We used exome and low-coverage whole-genome sequencing to characterize the critical secondary events associated with leukemic transformation. RAG-mediated deletions emerge as the dominant mutational process, accounting for at least 43% of genomic rearrangements and characterized by the presence of recombination signal sequence motifs near the breakpoints; incorporation of non-templated sequence at the junction and a ten-fold enrichment at promoters and enhancers of genes actively transcribed in early B-lineage development. Single-cell tracking shows that this mechanism is not restricted to one founder cell but is rather active throughout leukemic evolution. Integration of point mutation and rearrangement data identifies recurrent inactivation of ATF7IP and MGA as two new tumor suppressor genes.Thus, a remarkably parsimonious mutational process transforms ETV6-RUNX1 lymphoblasts, striking promoters and enhancers of the genes that normally control B-cell differentiation.
EGAD00001000636 Illumina Genome Analyzer II; 117 The ETV6-RUNX1 fusion gene, found in 25% of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), is acquired in utero but requires additional somatic mutations for overt leukemia. We used exome and low-coverage whole-genome sequencing to characterize the critical secondary events associated with leukemic transformation. RAG-mediated deletions emerge as the dominant mutational process, accounting for at least 43% of genomic rearrangements and characterized by the presence of recombination signal sequence motifs near the breakpoints; incorporation of non-templated sequence at the junction and a ten-fold enrichment at promoters and enhancers of genes actively transcribed in early B-lineage development. Single-cell tracking shows that this mechanism is not restricted to one founder cell but is rather active throughout leukemic evolution. Integration of point mutation and rearrangement data identifies recurrent inactivation of ATF7IP and MGA as two new tumor suppressor genes.Thus, a remarkably parsimonious mutational process transforms ETV6-RUNX1 lymphoblasts, striking promoters and enhancers of the genes that normally control B-cell differentiation.
EGAD00001000637 Illumina Genome Analyzer II;, Illumina HiSeq 2000; 4 Insertion of processed pseudogenes is known to occur in the germline but has not previously been observed in somatic cells. Formation of pseudogenes could represent a new class of mutation in cancers and a new source of potential driver events.
EGAD00001000638 Illumina HiSeq 2000; 20 Insertion of processed pseudogenes is known to occur in the germline but has not previously been observed in somatic cells. Formation of pseudogenes could represent a new class of mutation in cancers and a new source of potential driver events.
EGAD00001000639 Illumina HiSeq 2000; 3 Insertion of processed pseudogenes is known to occur in the germline but has not previously been observed in somatic cells. Formation of pseudogenes could represent a new class of mutation in cancers and a new source of potential driver events.
EGAD00001000652 Illumina HiSeq 2000; 1036 Pulldown experiments will be performed on a number of patients with Myeloproliferative Neoplasms (MPN). The pulldown will be a bespoke design targeting known mutations, this pulldown will be sequenced and analysed to inform prevalence of mutations and to inform to the possibility of use as a diagnostic tool.
EGAD00001000658 Illumina Genome Analyzer II;, Illumina HiSeq 2000; 9 Changes in gene dosage are a major driver of cancer1, engineered from a finite, but increasingly well annotated, repertoire of mutational mechanisms2-6. These processes operate over levels ranging from individual exons to whole chromosomes, often generating correlated copy number alterations across hundreds of linked genes. An example of the latter is the 2% of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) characterized by recurrent intrachromosomal amplification of megabase regions of chromosome 21 (iAMP21)7,8 To dissect the interplay between mutational processes and selection on this scale, we used genomic, cytogenetic and transcriptional analysis, coupled with novel bioinformatic approaches, to reconstruct the evolution of iAMP21 ALL. We find that individuals born with the rare constitutional Robertsonian translocation between chromosomes 15 and 21, rob(15;21)(q10;q10)c, have ~2700-fold increased risk of developing iAMP21 ALL compared to the general population. In such cases, amplification is initiated by chromothripsis involving both sister chromatids of the dicentric Robertsonian chromosome. In contrast, sporadic iAMP21 is typically initiated by breakage-fusion-bridge (BFB) events, often followed by chromothripsis or other rearrangements. In both sporadic and iAMP21 in rob(15;21)c individuals, the final stages of amplification frequently involve large-scale duplications of the abnormal chromosome. The end-product is a derivative chromosome 21 or a derivative originating from the rob(15;21)c chromosome, der(15;21), respectively, with gene dosage optimised for leukemic potential, showing constrained copy number levels over multiple linked genes. In summary, the constitutional translocation, rob(15;21)c, predisposes to leukemia through a novel mechanism, namely a propensity to undergo chromothripsis, likely related to its dicentric nature. More generally, our data illustrate that several cancer-specific mutational processes, applied sequentially, can co-ordinate to fashion copy number profiles over large genomic scales, incrementally refining the fitness benefits of aggregated gene dosage changes.
EGAD00001000663 Illumina HiSeq 2000; 47 This study aims to re-sequence findings from whole genome studies using a bespoke pulldown method to validate mutations in those genomes sequenced.
EGAD00001000678 Illumina HiSeq 2000; 341 FFPE CPA accreditation of genome-scale sequencing in routinely collected formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) cancer specimens versus matched fresh-frozen samples using targeted pulldown capture prior to Illumina sequencing.
EGAD00001000707 Illumina HiSeq 2000; 57 Discovery of resistance mechanisms to the BRAF inhibitor vemurafenib in metastatic BRAF mutant melanoma by massively-parallel sequencing of tumour samples. Comparison of genomic characteristics of pretreatment 'sensitive' to recurrence 'resistant' tumours to identify the genetics of drug resistance.
EGAD00001000732 Illumina HiSeq 2000; 3 RNA sequencing to validate findings of somatic pseudogenes acquired during cancer development
EGAD00001000747 Illumina HiSeq 2000; 2734 Genomic libraries will be generated from total genomic DNA derived from 4000 samples with Acute Myeloid Leukaemia. Libraries will be enriched for a selected panel of genes using a bespoke pulldown protocol. 64 Samples will be individually barcoded and subjected to up to one lanes of Illumina HiSeq. Paired reads will be mapped to build 37 of the human reference genome to facilitate the characterisation of known gene mutations in cancer as well as the validation of potentially novel variants identified by prior exome sequencing.
EGAD00001000812 Illumina HiSeq 2000; 364 Sequencing of 350 cancer genes in BC samples from patients treated with either Epirubicin or Paclitaxel monotherapy in the neoadjuvant setting.
EGAD00001000824 Illumina HiSeq 2000; 1 RNA sequencing will be undertaken to reconstruct rearrangements at level of transcription to determine pathogenomic genomic events in chondromyxoid fibroma.
EGAD00001000825 Illumina HiSeq 2000; 454 This study aims to define the landscape of somatic mutations in sun exposed human skin by deep sequencing, analyse their frequency and use the data to infer the effect of mutations on proliferating cell behaviour. The frequency of each mutation will reflect the size of the clone of cells in the tissue sample. By analyzing small samples, clones with as few as 100 cells will be detectable. Allele frequency distributions for each mutation will be used to infer cell fate using published methods (Klein et al. 2010). This study will shed unprecedented light on the early clonal events that lead to the emergence of cancer.

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