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Doc ID CHEMBL1134334
Journal J Med Chem (2001) 44:316-327
Title 3-Aryl[1,2,4]triazino[4,3-a]benzimidazol-4(10H)-ones: a new class of selective A1 adenosine receptor antagonists.
Authors Da Settimo F, Primofiore G, Taliani S, Marini AM, La Motta C, Novellino E, Greco G, Lavecchia A, Trincavelli L, Martini C.
Abstract Radioligand binding assays using bovine cortical membrane preparations and biochemical in vitro studies revealed that various 3-aryl[1,2,4]triazino[4,3-a]benzimidazol-4(10H)-one (ATBI) derivatives, previously reported by us as ligands of the central benzodiazepine receptor (BzR) (Primofiore, G.; et al. J. Med. Chem. 2000, 43, 96-102), behaved as antagonists at the A1 adenosine receptor (A1AR). Alkylation of the nitrogen at position 10 of the triazinobenzimidazole nucleus conferred selectivity for the A1AR vs the BzR. The most potent ligand of the ATBI series (10-methyl-3-phenyl[1,2,4]triazino[4,3-a]benzimidazol-4(10H)-one 12) displayed a Ki value of 63 nM at the A1AR without binding appreciably to the adenosine A2A and A3 nor to the benzodiazepine receptor. Pharmacophore-based modeling studies in which 12 was compared against a set of well-established A1AR antagonists suggested that three hydrogen bonding sites (HB1 acceptor, HB2 and HB3 donors) and three lipophilic pockets (L1, L2, and L3) might be available to antagonists within the A1AR binding cleft. According to the proposed pharmacophore scheme, the lead compound 12 engages interactions with the HB2 site (via the N2 nitrogen) as well as with the L2 and L3 sites (through the pendant and the fused benzene rings). The results of these studies prompted the replacement of the methyl with more lipophilic groups at the 10-position (to fill the putative L1 lipophilic pocket) as a strategy to improve A1AR affinity. Among the new compounds synthesized and tested, the 3,10-diphenyl[1,2,4]triazino[4,3-a]benzimidazol-4(10H)-one (23) was characterized by a Ki value of 18 nM which represents a 3.5-fold gain of A1AR affinity compared with the lead 12. A rhodopsin-based model of the bovine adenosine A1AR was built to highlight the binding mode of 23 and two well-known A1AR antagonists (III and VII) and to guide future lead optimization projects. In our docking simulations, 23 receives a hydrogen bond (via the N1 nitrogen) from the side chain of Asn247 (corresponding to the HB1 and HB2 sites) and fills the L1, L2, and L3 lipophilic pockets with the 10-phenyl, 3-phenyl, and fused benzene rings, respectively.
CiteXplore 11462973
DOI 10.1021/jm001054m

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