CHEBI:77699 - methyl formate

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ChEBI Name methyl formate
ChEBI ID CHEBI:77699
Definition A formate ester resulting from the formal condensation of formic acid with methanol. A low-boiling (31.5 °C) colourless, flammable liquid, it has been used as a fumigant and larvicide for tobacco and food crops.
Stars This entity has been manually annotated by the ChEBI Team.
Supplier Information
Download Molfile XML SDF
Formula C2H4O2
Net Charge 0
Average Mass 60.05200
Monoisotopic Mass 60.021
InChI InChI=1S/C2H4O2/c1-4-2-3/h2H,1H3
InChIKey TZIHFWKZFHZASV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
SMILES COC=O
Roles Classification
Chemical Role(s): polar aprotic solvent
A solvent with a comparatively high relative permittivity (or dielectric constant), greater than ca. 15, and a sizable permanent dipole moment, that cannot donate suitably labile hydrogen atoms to form strong hydrogen bonds.
Application(s): refrigerant
A substance used in a thermodynamic heat pump cycle or refrigeration cycle that undergoes a phase change from a gas to a liquid and back. Refrigerants are used in air-conditioning systems and freezers or refrigerators and are assigned a "R" number (by ASHRAE - formerly the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air Conditioning Engineers), which is determined systematically according to their molecular structure.
polar aprotic solvent
A solvent with a comparatively high relative permittivity (or dielectric constant), greater than ca. 15, and a sizable permanent dipole moment, that cannot donate suitably labile hydrogen atoms to form strong hydrogen bonds.
fumigant
A volatile or volatilizable chemical compound utilized for control of pests in buildings, soil, grain, as well as during processing of goods to be imported or exported to prevent transfer of exotic organisms.
insecticide
Strictly, a substance intended to kill members of the class Insecta. In common usage, any substance used for preventing, destroying, repelling or controlling insects.
View more via ChEBI Ontology
ChEBI Ontology
Outgoing methyl formate (CHEBI:77699) has functional parent methanol (CHEBI:17790)
methyl formate (CHEBI:77699) has role fumigant (CHEBI:39276)
methyl formate (CHEBI:77699) has role insecticide (CHEBI:24852)
methyl formate (CHEBI:77699) has role polar aprotic solvent (CHEBI:48358)
methyl formate (CHEBI:77699) has role refrigerant (CHEBI:78433)
methyl formate (CHEBI:77699) is a formate ester (CHEBI:52343)
methyl formate (CHEBI:77699) is a methyl ester (CHEBI:25248)
methyl formate (CHEBI:77699) is a volatile organic compound (CHEBI:134179)
IUPAC Name
methyl formate
Synonyms Sources
formiate de methyle ChemIDplus
formic acid methyl ester NIST Chemistry WebBook
HCO2CH3 ChEBI
HCOOCH3 NIST Chemistry WebBook
methanoic acid methyl ester NIST Chemistry WebBook
methyl formate UniProt
methyl methanoate NIST Chemistry WebBook
Methylformiat ChemIDplus
R-611 ChEBI
Registry Numbers Types Sources
107-31-3 CAS Registry Number NIST Chemistry WebBook
107-31-3 CAS Registry Number ChemIDplus
1734623 Reaxys Registry Number Reaxys
Citations Waiting for Citations Types Sources
21969072 PubMed citation Europe PMC
23268565 PubMed citation Europe PMC
Last Modified
08 March 2017