CHEBI:6359 - lactulose

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ChEBI Name lactulose
ChEBI ID CHEBI:6359
Definition A synthetic galactosylfructose disaccharide used in the treatment of constipation and hepatic encephalopathy.
Stars This entity has been manually annotated by the ChEBI Team.
Secondary ChEBI IDs CHEBI:302765
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Formula C12H22O11
Net Charge 0
Average Mass 342.29650
Monoisotopic Mass 342.116
InChI InChI=1S/C12H22O11/c13-1-4-6(16)7(17)8(18)11(21-4)22-9-5(2-14)23-12(20,3-15)10(9)19/h4-11,13-20H,1-3H2/t4-,5-,6+,7+,8-,9-,10+,11+,12-/m1/s1
InChIKey JCQLYHFGKNRPGE-FCVZTGTOSA-N
SMILES OC[C@H]1O[C@@H](O[C@@H]2[C@@H](CO)O[C@](O)(CO)[C@H]2O)[C@H](O)[C@@H](O)[C@H]1O
Roles Classification
Application(s): laxative
An agent that produces a soft formed stool, and relaxes and loosens the bowels, typically used over a protracted period, to relieve constipation. Compare with cathartic, which is a substance that accelerates defecation. A substances can be both a laxative and a cathartic.
gastrointestinal drug
A drug used for its effects on the gastrointestinal system, e.g. controlling gastric acidity, regulating gastrointestinal motility and water flow, and improving digestion.
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ChEBI Ontology
Outgoing lactulose (CHEBI:6359) has role gastrointestinal drug (CHEBI:55324)
lactulose (CHEBI:6359) has role laxative (CHEBI:50503)
lactulose (CHEBI:6359) is a glycosylfructose (CHEBI:35378)
IUPAC Name
4-O-β-D-galactopyranosyl-β-D-fructofuranose
INNs Sources
lactulosa ChemIDplus
lactulose ChemIDplus
lactulosum ChemIDplus
Synonyms Sources
4-O-beta-D-Galactopyranosyl-D-fructofuranose ChemIDplus
4-O-beta-D-Galactopyranosyl-D-fructose ChemIDplus
D-Lactulose ChemIDplus
Lactulose KEGG COMPOUND
Manual Xrefs Databases
C07064 KEGG COMPOUND
D00352 KEGG DRUG
DB00581 DrugBank
G03573 KEGG GLYCAN
HMDB0000740 HMDB
Lactulose Wikipedia
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Registry Numbers Types Sources
4618-18-2 CAS Registry Number ChemIDplus
93773 Beilstein Registry Number Beilstein
Citations Waiting for Citations Types Sources
11020286 PubMed citation ChEMBL
12927899 PubMed citation Europe PMC
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Last Modified
22 February 2017