CHEBI:53181 - pristane

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ChEBI Name pristane
ChEBI ID CHEBI:53181
Definition A norterpene that is an acyclic saturated hydrocarbon derived from phytane by loss of its C-16 terminal methyl group.
Stars This entity has been manually annotated by the ChEBI Team.
Submitter Jen Hammock
Secondary ChEBI IDs CHEBI:77511
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Formula C19H40
Net Charge 0
Average Mass 268.52090
Monoisotopic Mass 268.313
InChI InChI=1S/C19H40/c1-16(2)10-7-12-18(5)14-9-15-19(6)13-8-11-17(3)4/h16-19H,7-15H2,1-6H3
InChIKey XOJVVFBFDXDTEG-UHFFFAOYSA-N
SMILES CC(C)CCCC(C)CCCC(C)CCCC(C)C
Roles Classification
Biological Role(s): immunological adjuvant
A substance that augments, stimulates, activates, potentiates, or modulates the immune response at either the cellular or humoral level. A classical agent (Freund's adjuvant, BCG, Corynebacterium parvum, et al.) contains bacterial antigens. It could also be endogenous (e.g., histamine, interferon, transfer factor, tuftsin, interleukin-1). Its mode of action is either non-specific, resulting in increased immune responsiveness to a wide variety of antigens, or antigen-specific, i.e., affecting a restricted type of immune response to a narrow group of antigens. The therapeutic efficacy is related to its antigen-specific immunoadjuvanticity.
Application(s): biomarker
A substance used as an indicator of a biological state.
immunological adjuvant
A substance that augments, stimulates, activates, potentiates, or modulates the immune response at either the cellular or humoral level. A classical agent (Freund's adjuvant, BCG, Corynebacterium parvum, et al.) contains bacterial antigens. It could also be endogenous (e.g., histamine, interferon, transfer factor, tuftsin, interleukin-1). Its mode of action is either non-specific, resulting in increased immune responsiveness to a wide variety of antigens, or antigen-specific, i.e., affecting a restricted type of immune response to a narrow group of antigens. The therapeutic efficacy is related to its antigen-specific immunoadjuvanticity.
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ChEBI Ontology
Outgoing pristane (CHEBI:53181) has role biomarker (CHEBI:59163)
pristane (CHEBI:53181) has role immunological adjuvant (CHEBI:50847)
pristane (CHEBI:53181) is a long-chain alkane (CHEBI:83563)
pristane (CHEBI:53181) is a norterpene (CHEBI:53182)
IUPAC Name
2,6,10,14-tetramethylpentadecane
Synonyms Sources
Bute hydrocarbon ChemIDplus
Norphytan NIST Chemistry WebBook
Norphytane ChemIDplus
Pristan NIST Chemistry WebBook
Manual Xrefs Databases
CPD-15252 MetaCyc
Pristane Wikipedia
View more database links
Registry Numbers Types Sources
1720538 Beilstein Registry Number ChemIDplus
1720538 Reaxys Registry Number Reaxys
1720538 Beilstein Registry Number Beilstein
1921-70-6 CAS Registry Number NIST Chemistry WebBook
1921-70-6 CAS Registry Number ChemIDplus
Citations Waiting for Citations Types Sources
21725847 PubMed citation Europe PMC
22076633 PubMed citation Europe PMC
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Last Modified
11 November 2014