CHEBI:47232 - bromoethane

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ChEBI Name bromoethane
Definition A bromoalkane that is ethane carrying a bromo substituent. It is an alkylating agent used as a chemical intermediate in various organic syntheses.
Stars This entity has been manually annotated by the ChEBI Team.
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Formula C2H5Br
Net Charge 0
Average Mass 108.966
Monoisotopic Mass 107.95746
InChI InChI=1S/C2H5Br/c1-2-3/h2H2,1H3
Roles Classification
Chemical Role(s): solvent
A liquid that can dissolve other substances (solutes) without any change in their chemical composition.
Biological Role(s): carcinogenic agent
A role played by a chemical compound which is known to induce a process of carcinogenesis by corrupting normal cellular pathways, leading to the acquistion of tumoral capabilities.
alkylating agent
Highly reactive chemical that introduces alkyl radicals into biologically active molecules and thereby prevents their proper functioning. It could be used as an antineoplastic agent, but it might be very toxic, with carcinogenic, mutagenic, teratogenic, and immunosuppressant actions. It could also be used as a component of poison gases.
Application(s): solvent
A liquid that can dissolve other substances (solutes) without any change in their chemical composition.
A substance used in a thermodynamic heat pump cycle or refrigeration cycle that undergoes a phase change from a gas to a liquid and back. Refrigerants are used in air-conditioning systems and freezers or refrigerators and are assigned a "R" number (by ASHRAE - formerly the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air Conditioning Engineers), which is determined systematically according to their molecular structure.
local anaesthetic
Any member of a group of drugs that reversibly inhibit the propagation of signals along nerves. Wide variations in potency, stability, toxicity, water-solubility and duration of action determine the route used for administration, e.g. topical, intravenous, epidural or spinal block.
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ChEBI Ontology
Outgoing bromoethane (CHEBI:47232) has role alkylating agent (CHEBI:22333)
bromoethane (CHEBI:47232) has role carcinogenic agent (CHEBI:50903)
bromoethane (CHEBI:47232) has role local anaesthetic (CHEBI:36333)
bromoethane (CHEBI:47232) has role refrigerant (CHEBI:78433)
bromoethane (CHEBI:47232) has role solvent (CHEBI:46787)
bromoethane (CHEBI:47232) is a bromoalkane (CHEBI:22929)
bromoethane (CHEBI:47232) is a bromohydrocarbon (CHEBI:22926)
bromoethane (CHEBI:47232) is a volatile organic compound (CHEBI:134179)
Synonyms Sources
1-bromoethane PDBeChem
bromic ether ChemIDplus
ethyl bromide ChemIDplus
hydrobromic ether ChemIDplus
monobromoethane ChemIDplus
Manual Xrefs Databases
6092 ChemSpider
Bromoethane Wikipedia
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Registry Numbers Types Sources
1209224 Reaxys Registry Number Reaxys
74-96-4 CAS Registry Number ChemIDplus
74-96-4 CAS Registry Number NIST Chemistry WebBook
Citations Waiting for Citations Types Sources
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Last Modified
09 July 2021