CHEBI:28946 - theobromine

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ChEBI Name theobromine
Definition A dimethylxanthine having the two methyl groups located at positions 3 and 7. It is a purine alkaloid derived from cocoa tree.
Stars This entity has been manually annotated by the ChEBI Team.
Secondary ChEBI IDs CHEBI:39914, CHEBI:9521, CHEBI:26939
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Formula C7H8N4O2
Net Charge 0
Average Mass 180.16418
InChI InChI=1S/C7H8N4O2/c1-10-3-8-5-4(10)6(12)9-7(13)11(5)2/h3H,1-2H3,(H,9,12,13)
SMILES Cn1cnc2n(C)c(=O)[nH]c(=O)c12
Metabolite of Species Details
Theobroma cacao (NCBI:3641) Found in fruit (BTO:0000486). See: PubMed
Homo sapiens (NCBI:9606) Found in blood serum (BTO:0001239). See: MetaboLights Study
Roles Classification
Biological Role(s): adenosine receptor antagonist
An antagonist at any adenosine receptor.
food component
Any substance that is distributed in foodstuffs. It includes materials derived from plants or animals, such as vitamins or minerals, as well as environmental contaminants.
plant metabolite
Any eukaryotic metabolite produced during a metabolic reaction in plants, the kingdom that include flowering plants, conifers and other gymnosperms.
human blood serum metabolite
Any metabolite (endogenous or exogenous) found in human blood serum samples.
Any intermediate or product resulting from metabolism. The term 'metabolite' subsumes the classes commonly known as primary and secondary metabolites.
(via alkaloid )
Application(s): vasodilator agent
A drug used to cause dilation of the blood vessels.
bronchodilator agent
An agent that causes an increase in the expansion of a bronchus or bronchial tubes.
View more via ChEBI Ontology
ChEBI Ontology
Outgoing theobromine (CHEBI:28946) has role adenosine receptor antagonist (CHEBI:71232)
theobromine (CHEBI:28946) has role bronchodilator agent (CHEBI:35523)
theobromine (CHEBI:28946) has role food component (CHEBI:78295)
theobromine (CHEBI:28946) has role human blood serum metabolite (CHEBI:85234)
theobromine (CHEBI:28946) has role plant metabolite (CHEBI:76924)
theobromine (CHEBI:28946) has role vasodilator agent (CHEBI:35620)
theobromine (CHEBI:28946) is a dimethylxanthine (CHEBI:23818)
Synonyms Sources
3,7-dihydro-3,7-dimethyl-1H-purine-2,6-dione NIST Chemistry WebBook
3,7-dimethylpurine-2,6-dione DrugBank
3,7-dimethylxanthine ChEBI
3,7-Dimethylxanthine KEGG COMPOUND
Theobromin ChEBI
theobromine UniProt
théobromine ChEBI
Database Links Databases
37T PDBeChem
C00001509 KNApSAcK
DB01412 DrugBank
Theobromine Wikipedia
View more database links
Registry Numbers Types Sources
143367 Gmelin Registry Number Gmelin
16464 Beilstein Registry Number Beilstein
16464 Reaxys Registry Number Reaxys
83-67-0 CAS Registry Number KEGG COMPOUND
83-67-0 CAS Registry Number NIST Chemistry WebBook
83-67-0 CAS Registry Number ChemIDplus
Citations Waiting for Citations Types Sources
10456233 PubMed citation CiteXplore
11600064 PubMed citation CiteXplore
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18632476 PubMed citation CiteXplore
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23094271 PubMed citation CiteXplore
23236361 PubMed citation CiteXplore
9468592 PubMed citation CiteXplore
Last Modified
23 October 2015