CHEBI:28201 - rotenone

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ChEBI Name rotenone
Definition A member of the class of rotenones that consists of 1,2,12,12a-tetrahydrochromeno[3,4-b]furo[2,3-h]chromen-6(6aH)-one substituted at position 2 by a prop-1-en-2-yl group and at positions 8 and 9 by methoxy groups (the 2R,6aS,12aS-isomer). A non-systemic insecticide, it is the principal insecticidal constituent of derris (the dried rhizome and root of Derris elliptica).
Stars This entity has been manually annotated by the ChEBI Team.
Secondary ChEBI IDs CHEBI:8897, CHEBI:26583
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Formula C23H22O6
Net Charge 0
Average Mass 394.423
Monoisotopic Mass 394.14164
InChI InChI=1S/C23H22O6/c1-11(2)16-8-14-15(28-16)6-5-12-22(24)21-13-7-18(25-3)19(26-4)9-17(13)27-10-20(21)29-23(12)14/h5-7,9,16,20-21H,1,8,10H2,2-4H3/t16-,20-,21+/m1/s1
SMILES [H][C@@]1(CC2=C3O[C@]4([H])COC5=C(C=C(OC)C(OC)=C5)[C@]4([H])C(=O)C3=CC=C2O1)C(C)=C
Metabolite of Species Details
Mundulea chapelieri (IPNI:20004737-1) Found in flower (BTO:0000469). See: PubMed
Mundulea chapelieri (IPNI:20004737-1) Found in leaf (BTO:0000713). See: PubMed
Mundulea chapelieri (IPNI:20004737-1) Found in bark (BTO:0001301). See: PubMed
Erycibe expansa (IPNI:267866-1) Found in stem (BTO:0001300). See: PubMed
Antheroporum pierrei (IPNI:474590-1) Found in twig (BTO:0001411). Dried leaves and twigs were extracted with CH2Cl2/MeOH (1:1) See: PubMed
Antheroporum pierrei (IPNI:474590-1) Found in leaf (BTO:0000713). Dried leaves and twigs were extracted with CH2Cl2/MeOH (1:1) See: PubMed
Derris elliptica (NCBI:txid56063) See: DOI
Roles Classification
Biological Role(s): toxin
Poisonous substance produced by a biological organism such as a microbe, animal or plant.
Any intermediate or product resulting from metabolism. The term 'metabolite' subsumes the classes commonly known as primary and secondary metabolites.
mitochondrial NADH:ubiquinone reductase inhibitor

Application(s): piscicide
A substance which is poisonous to fish and is primarily used to eliminate dominant species of fish in water.
antineoplastic agent
A substance that inhibits or prevents the proliferation of neoplasms.
phytogenic insecticide
An insecticide compound naturally occurring in plants.
View more via ChEBI Ontology
ChEBI Ontology
Outgoing rotenone (CHEBI:28201) has role antineoplastic agent (CHEBI:35610)
rotenone (CHEBI:28201) has role metabolite (CHEBI:25212)
rotenone (CHEBI:28201) has role mitochondrial NADH:ubiquinone reductase inhibitor (CHEBI:38498)
rotenone (CHEBI:28201) has role phytogenic insecticide (CHEBI:22917)
rotenone (CHEBI:28201) has role piscicide (CHEBI:167183)
rotenone (CHEBI:28201) has role toxin (CHEBI:27026)
rotenone (CHEBI:28201) is a organic heteropentacyclic compound (CHEBI:38164)
rotenone (CHEBI:28201) is a rotenones (CHEBI:72581)
Synonyms Sources
(−)-cis-rotenone ChemIDplus
(−)-rotenone ChemIDplus
(12aS,6aS,2R)-8,9-dimethoxy-2-(1-methylvinyl)-1,2-dihydrochromano[3,4-b]furano [2,3-h]chroman-6-one ChEBI
5'β-rotenone NIST Chemistry WebBook
[2R-(2α,6aα,12aα)]-1,2,12,12a-tetrahydro-8,9-dimethoxy-2-(1-methylethenyl)[1]benzopyrano[3,4-b]furo[2,3-H][1]benzopyran-6(6aH)-one NIST Chemistry WebBook
barbasco ChemIDplus
canex ChemIDplus
dactinol ChemIDplus
Derris ChEBI
noxfire ChemIDplus
paraderil ChemIDplus
tubatoxin ChemIDplus
Manual Xrefs Databases
587 BPDB
587 VSDB
970 PDBeChem
C00002568 KNApSAcK
CN102007944 Patent
CN102090406 Patent
DB11457 DrugBank
FDB012837 FooDB
HMDB0034436 HMDB
Rotenone Wikipedia
View more database links
Registry Numbers Types Sources
83-79-4 CAS Registry Number ChemIDplus
83-79-4 CAS Registry Number NIST Chemistry WebBook
99070 Reaxys Registry Number Reaxys
99070 Beilstein Registry Number Beilstein
Citations Waiting for Citations Types Sources
14976342 PubMed citation Europe PMC
15043430 PubMed citation Europe PMC
15790535 PubMed citation Europe PMC
17077549 PubMed citation Europe PMC
19013527 PubMed citation Europe PMC
32972993 PubMed citation Europe PMC
33402167 PubMed citation Europe PMC
33901458 PubMed citation Europe PMC
33961406 PubMed citation Europe PMC
Last Modified
28 May 2021