CHEBI:140618 - castor oil

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ChEBI Name castor oil
Definition A mixture of triglycerides obtained by pressing the seeds of the castor oil plant, Ricinus communis. The major component is triricinolein. Typical fatty acid composition on hydrolysis is 87% ricinoleic acid, 7% oleic acid, 3% linoleic acid, 2% palmitic acid, 1% stearic acid, and trace amounts of dihydroxystearic acid.
Stars This entity has been manually annotated by the ChEBI Team.
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Roles Classification
Biological Role(s): cathartic
Any substance that accelerates defecation. Compare with laxatives, which are substances that ease defecation (usually by softening faeces). A substance can be both a laxative and a cathartic.
Application(s): laxative
An agent that produces a soft formed stool, and relaxes and loosens the bowels, typically used over a protracted period, to relieve constipation. Compare with cathartic, which is a substance that accelerates defecation. A substances can be both a laxative and a cathartic.
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ChEBI Ontology
Outgoing castor oil (CHEBI:140618) has part triricinolein (CHEBI:140471)
castor oil (CHEBI:140618) has role cathartic (CHEBI:75325)
castor oil (CHEBI:140618) has role laxative (CHEBI:50503)
castor oil (CHEBI:140618) is a mixture (CHEBI:60004)
Synonyms Sources
oil of Palma Christi ChemIDplus
Oleum Ricini ChemIDplus
Ricinus communis oil ChemIDplus
Ricinus oil ChemIDplus
tangantangan oil ChemIDplus
Manual Xrefs Databases
Castor_oil Wikipedia
DB11113 DrugBank
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Registry Numbers Types Sources
8001-79-4 CAS Registry Number ChemIDplus
8001-79-4 CAS Registry Number KEGG DRUG
8001-79-4 CAS Registry Number NIST Chemistry WebBook
8196707 Reaxys Registry Number Reaxys
Citations Waiting for Citations Types Sources
28618920 PubMed citation Europe PMC
28671592 PubMed citation Europe PMC
28750937 PubMed citation Europe PMC
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28932063 PubMed citation Europe PMC
Last Modified
24 April 2018