CHEBI:78870 - sodium nitrite

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ChEBI Name sodium nitrite
ChEBI ID CHEBI:78870
Definition An inorganic sodium salt having nitrite as the counterion. Used as a food preservative and antidote to cyanide poisoning.
Stars This entity has been manually annotated by the ChEBI Team.
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Formula NNaO2
Net Charge 0
Average Mass 68.99530
InChI InChI=1S/HNO2.Na/c2-1-3;/h(H,2,3);/q;+1/p-1
InChIKey LPXPTNMVRIOKMN-UHFFFAOYSA-M
SMILES [Na+].[O-]N=O
Roles Classification
Chemical Role(s): food antioxidant
An antioxidant that used as a food additives to help guard against food deterioration.
Biological Role(s): antimicrobial food preservative
A food preservative which prevents decomposition of food by preventing the growth of fungi or bacteria. In European countries, E-numbers for permitted food preservatives are from E200 to E299, divided into sorbates (E200-209), benzoates (E210-219), sulfites (E220-229), phenols and formates (E230-239), nitrates (E240-259), acetates (E260-269), lactates (E270-279), propionates (E280-289) and others (E290-299).
food antioxidant
An antioxidant that used as a food additives to help guard against food deterioration.
poison
Any substance that causes disturbance to organisms by chemical reaction or other activity on the molecular scale, when a sufficient quantity is absorbed by the organism.
Application(s): antimicrobial food preservative
A food preservative which prevents decomposition of food by preventing the growth of fungi or bacteria. In European countries, E-numbers for permitted food preservatives are from E200 to E299, divided into sorbates (E200-209), benzoates (E210-219), sulfites (E220-229), phenols and formates (E230-239), nitrates (E240-259), acetates (E260-269), lactates (E270-279), propionates (E280-289) and others (E290-299).
antidote
Any protective agent counteracting or neutralizing the action of poisons.
antihypertensive agent
Any drug used in the treatment of acute or chronic vascular hypertension regardless of pharmacological mechanism.
food antioxidant
An antioxidant that used as a food additives to help guard against food deterioration.
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ChEBI Ontology
Outgoing sodium nitrite (CHEBI:78870) has role antidote (CHEBI:50247)
sodium nitrite (CHEBI:78870) has role antihypertensive agent (CHEBI:35674)
sodium nitrite (CHEBI:78870) has role antimicrobial food preservative (CHEBI:65256)
sodium nitrite (CHEBI:78870) has role food antioxidant (CHEBI:77962)
sodium nitrite (CHEBI:78870) has role poison (CHEBI:64909)
sodium nitrite (CHEBI:78870) is a inorganic sodium salt (CHEBI:38702)
sodium nitrite (CHEBI:78870) is a nitrite salt (CHEBI:46648)
IUPAC Name
sodium nitrite
Synonyms Sources
NaNO2 ChEBI
Natrium nitrit ChemIDplus
Nitrite de sodium ChemIDplus
Nitrito sodico ChemIDplus
Database Links Databases
D05865 KEGG DRUG
Sodium_nitrite Wikipedia
View more database links
Registry Numbers Types Sources
7632-00-0 CAS Registry Number KEGG DRUG
7632-00-0 CAS Registry Number ChemIDplus
7632-00-0 CAS Registry Number NIST Chemistry WebBook
906771 Reaxys Registry Number Reaxys
Citations Waiting for Citations Types Sources
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Last Modified
18 June 2014