CHEBI:78870 - sodium nitrite

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ChEBI Name sodium nitrite
ChEBI ID CHEBI:78870
Definition An inorganic sodium salt having nitrite as the counterion. Used as a food preservative and antidote to cyanide poisoning.
Stars This entity has been manually annotated by the ChEBI Team.
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Formula NNaO2
Net Charge 0
Average Mass 68.99530
Monoisotopic Mass 68.983
InChI InChI=1S/HNO2.Na/c2-1-3;/h(H,2,3);/q;+1/p-1
InChIKey LPXPTNMVRIOKMN-UHFFFAOYSA-M
SMILES [Na+].[O-]N=O
Roles Classification
Chemical Role(s): food antioxidant
An antioxidant that used as a food additives to help guard against food deterioration.
Biological Role(s): antimicrobial food preservative
A food preservative which prevents decomposition of food by preventing the growth of fungi or bacteria. In European countries, E-numbers for permitted food preservatives are from E200 to E299, divided into sorbates (E200-209), benzoates (E210-219), sulfites (E220-229), phenols and formates (E230-239), nitrates (E240-259), acetates (E260-269), lactates (E270-279), propionates (E280-289) and others (E290-299).
food antioxidant
An antioxidant that used as a food additives to help guard against food deterioration.
poison
Any substance that causes disturbance to organisms by chemical reaction or other activity on the molecular scale, when a sufficient quantity is absorbed by the organism.
Application(s): antidote to cyanide poisoning
A role borne by a molecule that acts to counteract or neutralize the deleterious effects of cyanide.
antimicrobial food preservative
A food preservative which prevents decomposition of food by preventing the growth of fungi or bacteria. In European countries, E-numbers for permitted food preservatives are from E200 to E299, divided into sorbates (E200-209), benzoates (E210-219), sulfites (E220-229), phenols and formates (E230-239), nitrates (E240-259), acetates (E260-269), lactates (E270-279), propionates (E280-289) and others (E290-299).
antihypertensive agent
Any drug used in the treatment of acute or chronic vascular hypertension regardless of pharmacological mechanism.
food antioxidant
An antioxidant that used as a food additives to help guard against food deterioration.
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ChEBI Ontology
Outgoing sodium nitrite (CHEBI:78870) has role antidote to cyanide poisoning (CHEBI:90749)
sodium nitrite (CHEBI:78870) has role antihypertensive agent (CHEBI:35674)
sodium nitrite (CHEBI:78870) has role antimicrobial food preservative (CHEBI:65256)
sodium nitrite (CHEBI:78870) has role food antioxidant (CHEBI:77962)
sodium nitrite (CHEBI:78870) has role poison (CHEBI:64909)
sodium nitrite (CHEBI:78870) is a inorganic sodium salt (CHEBI:38702)
sodium nitrite (CHEBI:78870) is a nitrite salt (CHEBI:46648)
IUPAC Name
sodium nitrite
Synonyms Sources
NaNO2 ChEBI
Natrium nitrit ChemIDplus
Nitrite de sodium ChemIDplus
Nitrito sodico ChemIDplus
Database Links Databases
D05865 KEGG DRUG
Sodium_nitrite Wikipedia
View more database links
Registry Numbers Types Sources
7632-00-0 CAS Registry Number KEGG DRUG
7632-00-0 CAS Registry Number ChemIDplus
7632-00-0 CAS Registry Number NIST Chemistry WebBook
906771 Reaxys Registry Number Reaxys
Citations Waiting for Citations Types Sources
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Last Modified
09 December 2015