CHEBI:64103 - sodium butyrate

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ChEBI Name sodium butyrate
ChEBI ID CHEBI:64103
Definition An organic sodium salt resulting from the replacement of the proton from the carboxy group of butyric acid by a sodium ion.
Stars This entity has been manually annotated by the ChEBI Team.
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Formula C4H7NaO2
Net Charge 0
Average Mass 110.08690
Monoisotopic Mass 110.034
InChI InChI=1S/C4H8O2.Na/c1-2-3-4(5)6;/h2-3H2,1H3,(H,5,6);/q;+1/p-1
InChIKey MFBOGIVSZKQAPD-UHFFFAOYSA-M
SMILES [Na+].CCCC([O-])=O
Roles Classification
Biological Role(s): EC 3.5.1.98 (histone deacetylase) inhibitor
An EC 3.5.1.* (non-peptide linear amide C-N hydrolase) inhibitor that interferes with the function of histone deacetylase (EC 3.5.1.98).
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ChEBI Ontology
Outgoing sodium butyrate (CHEBI:64103) has part butyrate (CHEBI:17968)
sodium butyrate (CHEBI:64103) has role EC 3.5.1.98 (histone deacetylase) inhibitor (CHEBI:61115)
sodium butyrate (CHEBI:64103) is a organic sodium salt (CHEBI:38700)
IUPAC Name
sodium butanoate
Synonyms Sources
Butanoic acid, sodium salt ChemIDplus
Butanoic acid, sodium salt (1:1) ChemIDplus
Butyrate sodium ChemIDplus
Butyric acid sodium salt ChemIDplus
Butyric acid, sodium salt ChemIDplus
Sodium n-butyrate ChemIDplus
Sodium propanecarboxylate ChemIDplus
Manual Xref Database
Sodium_butyrate Wikipedia
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Registry Numbers Types Sources
156-54-7 CAS Registry Number NIST Chemistry WebBook
156-54-7 CAS Registry Number ChemIDplus
3629439 Reaxys Registry Number Reaxys
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Last Modified
09 June 2014
General Comment
2012-03-06 Restores contextual memory in a transgenic mouse model of Alzheimer's disease. Shown to induce pancreatic progenitor formation. Directs the differentiation of mouse embryonic stem cells into hepatocytes when used in combination with the cytokine Activin A.