CHEBI:47554 - chloroethane

Main ChEBI Ontology Automatic Xrefs Reactions Pathways Models
ChEBI Name chloroethane
ChEBI ID CHEBI:47554
Definition The simplest and least toxic member of the class of chloroethanes, that is ethane in which a single hydrogen is substituted by a chlorine. A colourless gas at room temperature and pressure (boiling point 12°C), it is used as a mild topical anaesthetic to numb the skin prior to ear piercing, skin biopsies, etc., and is also used in the treatment of sports injuries. It was formerly used in the production of tetraethyllead.
Stars This entity has been manually annotated by the ChEBI Team.
Secondary ChEBI IDs CHEBI:36019
Supplier Information
Save molfile Download Molfile
Wikipedia License
Waiting for wikipedia content
Read full article at Wikipedia
Formula C2H5Cl
Net Charge 0
Average Mass 64.51380
Monoisotopic Mass 64.008
InChI InChI=1S/C2H5Cl/c1-2-3/h2H2,1H3
InChIKey HRYZWHHZPQKTII-UHFFFAOYSA-N
SMILES CCCl
Roles Classification
Application(s): local anaesthetic
Any member of a group of drugs that reversibly inhibit the propagation of signals along nerves. Wide variations in potency, stability, toxicity, water-solubility and duration of action determine the route used for administration, e.g. topical, intravenous, epidural or spinal block.
antipruritic drug
A drug, usually applied topically, that relieves pruritus (itching).
inhalation anaesthetic

View more via ChEBI Ontology
ChEBI Ontology
Outgoing chloroethane (CHEBI:47554) has role antipruritic drug (CHEBI:59683)
chloroethane (CHEBI:47554) has role inhalation anaesthetic (CHEBI:38870)
chloroethane (CHEBI:47554) has role local anaesthetic (CHEBI:36333)
chloroethane (CHEBI:47554) is a chloroethanes (CHEBI:36016)
Incoming 1-chloroethyl group (CHEBI:48099) is substituent group from chloroethane (CHEBI:47554)
2-chloroethyl group (CHEBI:47553) is substituent group from chloroethane (CHEBI:47554)
IUPAC Name
chloroethane
Synonyms Sources
1-chloroethane NIST Chemistry WebBook
aethylii chloridum ChEBI
Äthylchlorid ChEBI
C2H5Cl IUPAC
Chloräthan ChEBI
chlorethyl ChemIDplus
EtCl IUPAC
ethyl chloride NIST Chemistry WebBook
Ethyl chloride KEGG COMPOUND
mono-chloroethane ChEBI
monochlorethane NIST Chemistry WebBook
monochloroethane ChemIDplus
Muriatic ether ChemIDplus
Database Links Databases
C18248 KEGG COMPOUND
Chloroethane Wikipedia
CN101844962 Patent
D04088 KEGG DRUG
MCE PDBeChem
US2396639 Patent
View more database links
Registry Numbers Types Sources
100545 Gmelin Registry Number Gmelin
1730751 Beilstein Registry Number Beilstein
1730751 Reaxys Registry Number Reaxys
75-00-3 CAS Registry Number NIST Chemistry WebBook
75-00-3 CAS Registry Number ChemIDplus
Citations Waiting for Citations Types Sources
19078818 PubMed citation CiteXplore
19769833 PubMed citation CiteXplore
19958731 PubMed citation CiteXplore
21099198 PubMed citation CiteXplore
21137521 PubMed citation CiteXplore
8210013 PubMed citation CiteXplore
Last Modified
28 July 2014