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CHEBI:41688 - crystal violet

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ChEBI Name crystal violet
ChEBI ID CHEBI:41688
Definition An organic chloride salt that is the monochloride salt of crystal violet cation. It has been used in creams for the topical treatment of bacterial and fungal infections, being effective against some Gram-positive bacteria (notably Staphylococcus species) and some pathogenic fungi (including Candida species) but use declined following reports of animal carcinogenicity. It has also been used for dying wood, silk, and paper, as well as a histological stain.
Stars This entity has been manually annotated by the ChEBI Team.
Secondary ChEBI IDs CHEBI:3933
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Formula C25H30ClN3
Net Charge 0
Average Mass 407.97900
Monoisotopic Mass 407.213
InChI InChI=1S/C25H30N3.ClH/c1-26(2)22-13-7-19(8-14-22)25(20-9-15-23(16-10-20)27(3)4)21-11-17-24(18-12-21)28(5)6;/h7-18H,1-6H3;1H/q+1;/p-1
InChIKey ZXJXZNDDNMQXFV-UHFFFAOYSA-M
SMILES [Cl-].CN(C)c1ccc(cc1)C(=C1C=CC(C=C1)=[N+](C)C)c1ccc(cc1)N(C)C
Roles Classification
Biological Role(s): antibacterial agent
A substance that kills or slows the growth of bacteria.
antifungal agent
An antimicrobial agent that destroys fungi by suppressing their ability to grow or reproduce.
Application(s): histological dye
A dye used in microscopic or electron microscopic examination of cells and tissues to give contrast and to highlight particular features of interest, such as nuclei and cytoplasm.
antiseptic drug
A substance used locally on humans and other animals to destroy harmful microorganisms or to inhibit their activity (cf. disinfectants, which destroy microorganisms found on non-living objects, and antibiotics, which can be transported through the lymphatic system to destroy bacteria within the body).
anthelminthic drug
Substance intended to kill parasitic worms (helminths).
View more via ChEBI Ontology
ChEBI Ontology
Outgoing crystal violet (CHEBI:41688) has part crystal violet cation (CHEBI:77181)
crystal violet (CHEBI:41688) has role anthelminthic drug (CHEBI:35443)
crystal violet (CHEBI:41688) has role antibacterial agent (CHEBI:33282)
crystal violet (CHEBI:41688) has role antifungal agent (CHEBI:35718)
crystal violet (CHEBI:41688) has role antiseptic drug (CHEBI:48218)
crystal violet (CHEBI:41688) has role histological dye (CHEBI:77178)
crystal violet (CHEBI:41688) is a organic chloride salt (CHEBI:36094)
IUPAC Name
4-{bis[4-(dimethylamino)phenyl]methylene}-N,N-dimethylcyclohexa-2,5-dien-1-iminium chloride
INNs Sources
chlorure de méthylrosanilinium WHO MedNet
cloruro de metilrosanilina WHO MedNet
methylrosanilinii chloridum WHO MedNet
methylrosanilinium chloride WHO MedNet
Synonyms Sources
(4-{bis[-(dimethylamino)phenyl]methylene}-2,5-cyclohexadien-1-ylidene)dimethylammonium chloride ChemIDplus
aniline violet ChemIDplus
Basic Violet 3 ChemIDplus
Basic Violet BN ChemIDplus
Bismuth Violet ChemIDplus
Blaues pyoktanin ChemIDplus
Brilliant Violet 5B ChemIDplus
C.I. 42555 ChemIDplus
C.I. Basic violet 3 ChemIDplus
Calcozine Violet 6BN ChemIDplus
Calcozine Violet C ChemIDplus
CI 42555 ChemIDplus
CI Basic Violet 3 ChemIDplus
Gentian violet KEGG COMPOUND
Gentianaviolett ChemIDplus
hexamethyl-p-rosaniline chloride ChEBI
hexamethylpararosaniline chloride ChEBI
methylrosaniline chloride KEGG DRUG
N-(-4-{bis[4-(dimethylamino)phenyl]methylene}2,5-cyclohexadien-1-ylidene)-N-methyltrimethanaminium chloride ChEBI
N-(4-{bis[4-(dimethylamino)phenyl]methylidene}cyclohexa-2,5-dien-1-ylidene)-N-methylmethanaminium PDBeChem
Brand Names Sources
Adergon ChemIDplus
Atmonil ChemIDplus
Avermin ChemIDplus
Axuris ChemIDplus
Badil ChemIDplus
Gentiaverm ChEBI
Meroxyl ChemIDplus
Meroxylan ChemIDplus
Pyoktanin ChemIDplus
Vianin ChemIDplus
Viocid ChemIDplus
Database Links Databases
Crystal_violet Wikipedia
CVI PDBeChem
D01046 KEGG DRUG
DB00406 DrugBank
HMDB14550 HMDB
View more database links
Registry Numbers Types Sources
3580948 Reaxys Registry Number Reaxys
548-62-9 CAS Registry Number ChemIDplus
Citations Waiting for Citations Types Sources
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Last Modified
31 January 2014