CHEBI:34779 - glyoxal

Main ChEBI Ontology Automatic Xrefs
ChEBI Name glyoxal
ChEBI ID CHEBI:34779
Definition The dialdehyde that is the smallest possible and which consists of ethane having oxo groups on both carbons.
Stars This entity has been manually annotated by the ChEBI Team.
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Formula C2H2O2
Net Charge 0
Average Mass 58.03610
InChI InChI=1S/C2H2O2/c3-1-2-4/h1-2H
InChIKey LEQAOMBKQFMDFZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
SMILES [H]C(=O)C([H])=O
Roles Classification
Biological Role(s): allergen
A chemical compound which causes the onset of an allergic reaction by interacting with any of the molecular pathways involved in an allergy.
Application(s): pesticide
Strictly, a substance intended to kill pests. In common usage, any substance used for controlling, preventing, or destroying animal, microbiological or plant pests.
agrochemical
An agrochemical is a substance that is used in agriculture or horticulture.
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ChEBI Ontology
Outgoing glyoxal (CHEBI:34779) has role agrochemical (CHEBI:33286)
glyoxal (CHEBI:34779) has role allergen (CHEBI:50904)
glyoxal (CHEBI:34779) has role pesticide (CHEBI:25944)
glyoxal (CHEBI:34779) is a dialdehyde (CHEBI:38124)
IUPAC Name
ethanedial
Synonyms Sources
1,2-Ethanedione ChemIDplus
Biformal ChemIDplus
Biformyl ChemIDplus
Diformal ChemIDplus
Diformyl ChemIDplus
ethane-1,2-dial ChEBI
Ethanedial ChemIDplus
glyoxal aldehyde NIST Chemistry WebBook
glyoxylaldehyde NIST Chemistry WebBook
oxal ChEBI
Oxalaldehyde ChemIDplus
Database Link Database
Glyoxal Wikipedia
View more database links
Registry Numbers Types Sources
107-22-2 CAS Registry Number ChemIDplus
107-22-2 CAS Registry Number NIST Chemistry WebBook
1732463 Reaxys Registry Number Reaxys
1732463 Beilstein Registry Number ChemIDplus
Citations Waiting for Citations Types Sources
11833298 PubMed citation CiteXplore
15899002 PubMed citation CiteXplore
18343213 PubMed citation CiteXplore
18533367 PubMed citation CiteXplore
23180757 PubMed citation CiteXplore
23531876 PubMed citation CiteXplore
23543734 PubMed citation CiteXplore
23990306 PubMed citation CiteXplore
9506998 PubMed citation CiteXplore
Last Modified
16 December 2013
General Comments
2010-12-14 Used as a building block in organic synthesis, a disinfecting agent and a biocide, it is also produced non-enzymatically during normal cellular metabolism.
2010-12-14 It attacks the amino groups of proteins, nucleotides and lipids and is considered an important intermediate in the formation of avanced glycation endproducts (AGEs), with deleterious effects.