CHEBI:3170 - brazilin

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ChEBI Name brazilin
Definition A organic heterotetracyclic compound that is a red pigment obtained from the wood of Caesalpinia echinata (Brazil-wood) or Caesalpinia sappan (sappan-wood).
Stars This entity has been manually annotated by the ChEBI Team.
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Formula C16H14O5
Net Charge 0
Average Mass 286.27936
Monoisotopic Mass 286.08412
InChI InChI=1S/C16H14O5/c17-9-1-2-10-14(4-9)21-7-16(20)6-8-3-12(18)13(19)5-11(8)15(10)16/h1-5,15,17-20H,6-7H2/t15-,16+/m0/s1
SMILES [H][C@@]12c3ccc(O)cc3OC[C@]1(O)Cc1cc(O)c(O)cc21
Metabolite of Species Details
Caesalpinia sappan (NCBI:txid483143) Found in heartwood (PO:0004512). Methanolic extract of dried heart wood of C.sappan(Caesalpinia001) See: PubMed
Roles Classification
Chemical Role(s): antioxidant
A substance that opposes oxidation or inhibits reactions brought about by dioxygen or peroxides.
Biological Role(s): plant metabolite
Any eukaryotic metabolite produced during a metabolic reaction in plants, the kingdom that include flowering plants, conifers and other gymnosperms.
biological pigment
An endogenous molecular entity that results in a colour of an organism as the consequence of the selective absorption of light.
apoptosis inducer
Any substance that induces the process of apoptosis (programmed cell death) in multi-celled organisms.
antibacterial agent
A substance (or active part thereof) that kills or slows the growth of bacteria.
NF-kappaB inhibitor
An inhibitor of NF-kappaB (nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells), a protein complex involved in the transcription of DNA.
Application(s): histological dye
A dye used in microscopic or electron microscopic examination of cells and tissues to give contrast and to highlight particular features of interest, such as nuclei and cytoplasm.
antineoplastic agent
A substance that inhibits or prevents the proliferation of neoplasms.
anti-inflammatory agent
Any compound that has anti-inflammatory effects.
hepatoprotective agent
Any compound that is able to prevent damage to the liver.
View more via ChEBI Ontology
ChEBI Ontology
Outgoing brazilin (CHEBI:3170) has role anti-inflammatory agent (CHEBI:67079)
brazilin (CHEBI:3170) has role antibacterial agent (CHEBI:33282)
brazilin (CHEBI:3170) has role antineoplastic agent (CHEBI:35610)
brazilin (CHEBI:3170) has role antioxidant (CHEBI:22586)
brazilin (CHEBI:3170) has role apoptosis inducer (CHEBI:68495)
brazilin (CHEBI:3170) has role biological pigment (CHEBI:26130)
brazilin (CHEBI:3170) has role hepatoprotective agent (CHEBI:62868)
brazilin (CHEBI:3170) has role histological dye (CHEBI:77178)
brazilin (CHEBI:3170) has role NF-κB inhibitor (CHEBI:73240)
brazilin (CHEBI:3170) has role plant metabolite (CHEBI:76924)
brazilin (CHEBI:3170) is a catechols (CHEBI:33566)
brazilin (CHEBI:3170) is a organic heterotetracyclic compound (CHEBI:38163)
brazilin (CHEBI:3170) is a tertiary alcohol (CHEBI:26878)
Synonyms Sources
(+)-brazilin ChEBI
brasilin ChemIDplus
Natural Red 24 ChEBI
Manual Xrefs Databases
Brazilin Wikipedia
C00010268 KNApSAcK
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Registry Numbers Types Sources
4198570 Reaxys Registry Number Reaxys
4198570 Beilstein Registry Number Beilstein
474-07-7 CAS Registry Number ChemIDplus
Citations Waiting for Citations Types Sources
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Last Modified
24 September 2015