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formic acid (CHEBI:30751)

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ChEBI Name formic acid
ChEBI ID CHEBI:30751
Definition The simplest carboxylic acid, containing a single carbon. Occurs naturally in various sources including the venom of bee and ant stings, and is a useful organic synthetic reagent. Principally used as a preservative and antibacterial agent in livestock feed. Induces severe metabolic acidosis and ocular injury in human subjects.
Stars This entity has been manually annotated by the ChEBI Team.
Secondary ChEBI IDs CHEBI:5145, CHEBI:24082, CHEBI:42460
Supplier Information
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Formula Source
CH2O2 KEGG COMPOUND
Net Charge 0
Average Mass 46.02538
InChI
InChI=1S/CH2O2/c2-1-3/h1H,(H,2,3)
InChIKey
BDAGIHXWWSANSR-UHFFFAOYSA-N
SMILES
[H]C(O)=O
Roles Classification
Chemical Role(s): solvent
A liquid that can dissolve other substances (solutes) without any change in their chemical composition.
protic solvent
A polar solvent that is capable of acting as a hydron (proton) donor.
Bronsted acid
A molecular entity capable of donating a hydron to an acceptor (Bronsted base).
(via oxoacid )
Biological Role(s): metabolite
Any intermediate or product resulting from metabolism.
antibacterial agent
A substance that kills or slows the growth of bacteria.
Application(s): solvent
A liquid that can dissolve other substances (solutes) without any change in their chemical composition.
astringent
A compound that causes the contraction of body tissues, typically used to reduce bleeding from minor abrasions.
protic solvent
A polar solvent that is capable of acting as a hydron (proton) donor.
antibacterial agent
A substance that kills or slows the growth of bacteria.
View more on the ChEBI Ontology
ChEBI Ontology
Outgoing formic acid (CHEBI:30751) has role antibacterial agent (CHEBI:33282)
formic acid (CHEBI:30751) has role astringent (CHEBI:74783)
formic acid (CHEBI:30751) has role metabolite (CHEBI:25212)
formic acid (CHEBI:30751) has role protic solvent (CHEBI:48356)
formic acid (CHEBI:30751) has role solvent (CHEBI:46787)
formic acid (CHEBI:30751) is a monocarboxylic acid (CHEBI:25384)
formic acid (CHEBI:30751) is conjugate acid of formate (CHEBI:15740)
Incoming ammonium formate (CHEBI:63050) has functional parent formic acid (CHEBI:30751)
formamide (CHEBI:16397) has functional parent formic acid (CHEBI:30751)
formamidine (CHEBI:38477) has functional parent formic acid (CHEBI:30751)
formate ester (CHEBI:52343) has functional parent formic acid (CHEBI:30751)
formimidic acid (CHEBI:48431) has functional parent formic acid (CHEBI:30751)
formyl-CoA (CHEBI:15522) has functional parent formic acid (CHEBI:30751)
magnesium formate dihydrate (CHEBI:63006) has functional parent formic acid (CHEBI:30751)
phosphonoformic acid (CHEBI:127780) has functional parent formic acid (CHEBI:30751)
potassium formate (CHEBI:63316) has functional parent formic acid (CHEBI:30751)
formate (CHEBI:15740) is conjugate base of formic acid (CHEBI:30751)
formyl group (CHEBI:42485) is substituent group from formic acid (CHEBI:30751)
IUPAC Name
formic acid
Synonyms Sources
Acide formique ChemIDplus
Ameisensäure ChemIDplus
aminic acid ChemIDplus
bilorin ChemIDplus
FORMIC ACID PDBeChem
Formic acid KEGG COMPOUND
formylic acid ChemIDplus
H‒COOH IUPAC
HCO2H ChEBI
HCOOH NIST Chemistry WebBook
hydrogen carboxylic acid ChemIDplus
Methanoic acid KEGG COMPOUND
methoic acid ChEBI
Database Links Databases
C00058 KEGG COMPOUND
CN101481304 Patent
DB01942 DrugBank
FMT PDBeChem
FORMATE MetaCyc
Formic_acid Wikipedia
HMDB00142 HMDB
LMFA01010040 LIPID MAPS
View more database links
Registry Numbers Types Sources
1008 Gmelin Registry Number Gmelin
1209246 Reaxys Registry Number Reaxys
1209246 Beilstein Registry Number Beilstein
64-18-6 CAS Registry Number KEGG COMPOUND
64-18-6 CAS Registry Number NIST Chemistry WebBook
64-18-6 CAS Registry Number ChemIDplus
Citations Waiting for Citations Types Sources
12591956 PubMed citation CiteXplore
14637377 PubMed citation CiteXplore
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22540994 PubMed citation CiteXplore
22606986 PubMed citation CiteXplore
22622393 PubMed citation CiteXplore
3946945 PubMed citation CiteXplore
7361809 PubMed citation CiteXplore
Last Modified
18 July 2013

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