CHEBI:28262 - dimethyl sulfoxide

Main ChEBI Ontology Automatic Xrefs
ChEBI Name dimethyl sulfoxide
ChEBI ID CHEBI:28262
Definition A 2-carbon sulfoxide in which the sulfur atom has two methyl substituents.
Stars This entity has been manually annotated by the ChEBI Team.
Secondary ChEBI IDs CHEBI:42138, CHEBI:4612, CHEBI:23801
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Formula C2H6OS
Net Charge 0
Average Mass 78.13444
InChI InChI=1S/C2H6OS/c1-4(2)3/h1-2H3
InChIKey IAZDPXIOMUYVGZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
SMILES CS(C)=O
Roles Classification
Chemical Role(s): polar aprotic solvent
A solvent with a comparatively high relative permittivity (or dielectric constant), greater than ca. 15, and a sizable permanent dipole moment, that cannot donate suitably labile hydrogen atoms to form strong hydrogen bonds.
radical scavenger
A role played by a substance that can react readily with, and thereby eliminate, radicals.
Biological Role(s): non-narcotic analgesic
A drug that has principally analgesic, antipyretic and anti-inflammatory actions. Non-narcotic analgesics do not bind to opioid receptors.
alkylating agent
Highly reactive chemical that introduces alkyl radicals into biologically active molecules and thereby prevents their proper functioning. It could be used as an antineoplastic agent, but it might be very toxic, with carcinogenic, mutagenic, teratogenic, and immunosuppressant actions. It could also be used as a component of poison gases.
Application(s): polar aprotic solvent
A solvent with a comparatively high relative permittivity (or dielectric constant), greater than ca. 15, and a sizable permanent dipole moment, that cannot donate suitably labile hydrogen atoms to form strong hydrogen bonds.
non-narcotic analgesic
A drug that has principally analgesic, antipyretic and anti-inflammatory actions. Non-narcotic analgesics do not bind to opioid receptors.
antidote
Any protective agent counteracting or neutralizing the action of poisons.
MRI contrast agent

View more via ChEBI Ontology
ChEBI Ontology
Outgoing dimethyl sulfoxide (CHEBI:28262) has role alkylating agent (CHEBI:22333)
dimethyl sulfoxide (CHEBI:28262) has role antidote (CHEBI:50247)
dimethyl sulfoxide (CHEBI:28262) has role MRI contrast agent (CHEBI:37335)
dimethyl sulfoxide (CHEBI:28262) has role non-narcotic analgesic (CHEBI:35481)
dimethyl sulfoxide (CHEBI:28262) has role polar aprotic solvent (CHEBI:48358)
dimethyl sulfoxide (CHEBI:28262) has role radical scavenger (CHEBI:48578)
dimethyl sulfoxide (CHEBI:28262) is a sulfoxide (CHEBI:35813)
Incoming trametinib dimethyl sulfoxide (CHEBI:75991) has part dimethyl sulfoxide (CHEBI:28262)
IUPAC Names
(methanesulfinyl)methane
dimethyl sulfoxide
INNs Sources
dimethyl sulfoxide ChemIDplus
dimethyli sulfoxidum ChemIDplus
diméthylsulfoxyde ChemIDplus
dimetil sulfóxido ChemIDplus
Synonyms Sources
(CH3)2SO NIST Chemistry WebBook
Dimethyl sulfoxide KEGG COMPOUND
DIMETHYL SULFOXIDE PDBeChem
dimethyl sulfoxide UniProt
dimethyl sulfur oxide NIST Chemistry WebBook
dimethyl sulphoxide ChemIDplus
Dimethylsulfoxid ChEBI
DMSO KEGG COMPOUND
dmso IUPAC
methylsulfinylmethane ChemIDplus
S(O)Me2 ChEBI
sulfinylbis(methane) ChemIDplus
Database Links Databases
c0236 UM-BBD
C11143 KEGG COMPOUND
D01043 KEGG DRUG
DB01093 DrugBank
Dimethyl_Sulfoxide Wikipedia
DMS PDBeChem
HMDB02151 HMDB
View more database links
Registry Numbers Types Sources
1556 Gmelin Registry Number Gmelin
506008 Reaxys Registry Number Reaxys
506008 Beilstein Registry Number Beilstein
67-68-5 CAS Registry Number KEGG COMPOUND
67-68-5 CAS Registry Number NIST Chemistry WebBook
67-68-5 CAS Registry Number ChemIDplus
Citations Waiting for Citations Types Sources
11162043 PubMed citation CiteXplore
11350866 PubMed citation CiteXplore
15237653 PubMed citation CiteXplore
15588915 PubMed citation CiteXplore
15868171 PubMed citation CiteXplore
16434015 PubMed citation CiteXplore
19096138 PubMed citation CiteXplore
19382398 PubMed citation CiteXplore
21426213 PubMed citation CiteXplore
22030943 PubMed citation CiteXplore
22722716 PubMed citation CiteXplore
22768202 PubMed citation CiteXplore
22814967 PubMed citation CiteXplore
Last Modified
15 September 2014