CHEBI:16865 - γ-aminobutyric acid

Main ChEBI Ontology Automatic Xrefs
ChEBI Name γ-aminobutyric acid
ChEBI ID CHEBI:16865
ChEBI ASCII Name gamma-aminobutyric acid
Definition A γ-amino acid that is butanoic acid with the amino substituent located at C-4.
Stars This entity has been manually annotated by the ChEBI Team.
Secondary ChEBI IDs CHEBI:40483, CHEBI:1786, CHEBI:20318, CHEBI:193777
Supplier Information
Save molfile Download Molfile
more structures >>
Wikipedia License
Waiting for wikipedia content
Read full article at Wikipedia
Formula C4H9NO2
Net Charge 0
Average Mass 103.11980
InChI InChI=1S/C4H9NO2/c5-3-1-2-4(6)7/h1-3,5H2,(H,6,7)
InChIKey BTCSSZJGUNDROE-UHFFFAOYSA-N
SMILES NCCCC(O)=O
Metabolite of Species Details
Homo sapiens (NCBI:9606) See: DOI
Roles Classification
Chemical Role(s): Bronsted acid
A molecular entity capable of donating a hydron to an acceptor (Bronsted base).
(via oxoacid )
Biological Role(s): human metabolite
Any mammalian metabolite produced during a metabolic reaction in humans (Homo sapiens).
signalling molecule
A molecular messenger in which the molecule is specifically involved in transmitting information between cells. Such molecules are released from the cell sending the signal, cross over the gap between cells by diffusion, and interact with specific receptors in another cell, triggering a response in that cell by activating a series of enzyme controlled reactions which lead to changes inside the cell.
neurotransmitter
An endogenous compound that is used to transmit information across the synapse between a neuron and another cell.
View more via ChEBI Ontology
ChEBI Ontology
Outgoing γ-aminobutyric acid (CHEBI:16865) has functional parent butyric acid (CHEBI:30772)
γ-aminobutyric acid (CHEBI:16865) has role human metabolite (CHEBI:77746)
γ-aminobutyric acid (CHEBI:16865) has role neurotransmitter (CHEBI:25512)
γ-aminobutyric acid (CHEBI:16865) has role signalling molecule (CHEBI:62488)
γ-aminobutyric acid (CHEBI:16865) is a γ-amino acid (CHEBI:33707)
γ-aminobutyric acid (CHEBI:16865) is a monocarboxylic acid (CHEBI:25384)
γ-aminobutyric acid (CHEBI:16865) is conjugate acid of γ-aminobutyrate (CHEBI:30566)
γ-aminobutyric acid (CHEBI:16865) is tautomer of γ-aminobutyric acid zwitterion (CHEBI:59888)
Incoming (1S,2S,5S)-2-(4-glutaridylbenzyl)-5-phenyl-1-cyclohexanol (CHEBI:43278) has functional parent γ-aminobutyric acid (CHEBI:16865)
4-(L-γ-glutamylamino)butanoic acid (CHEBI:49260) has functional parent γ-aminobutyric acid (CHEBI:16865)
4-(methylamino)butyric acid (CHEBI:37755) has functional parent γ-aminobutyric acid (CHEBI:16865)
4-acetamidobutanoic acid (CHEBI:17645) has functional parent γ-aminobutyric acid (CHEBI:16865)
4-aminobutanoyl-CoA (CHEBI:15496) has functional parent γ-aminobutyric acid (CHEBI:16865)
gabapentin (CHEBI:42797) has functional parent γ-aminobutyric acid (CHEBI:16865)
gabapentin enacarbil (CHEBI:68840) has functional parent γ-aminobutyric acid (CHEBI:16865)
homocarnosine (CHEBI:28050) has functional parent γ-aminobutyric acid (CHEBI:16865)
methyl 4-aminobutanoate (CHEBI:42955) has functional parent γ-aminobutyric acid (CHEBI:16865)
pregabalin (CHEBI:64356) has functional parent γ-aminobutyric acid (CHEBI:16865)
γ-aminobutyrate (CHEBI:30566) is conjugate base of γ-aminobutyric acid (CHEBI:16865)
γ-aminobutyric acid zwitterion (CHEBI:59888) is tautomer of γ-aminobutyric acid (CHEBI:16865)
IUPAC Name
4-aminobutanoic acid
Synonyms Sources
4-aminobutanoic acid UniProt
4-aminobutanoic acid ChEBI
4-Aminobutanoic acid KEGG COMPOUND
4-aminobutyric acid ChEBI
4-Aminobutyric acid KEGG COMPOUND
4Abu ChEBI
GABA IUPHAR
GABA KEGG COMPOUND
GAMMA-AMINO-BUTANOIC ACID PDBeChem
γ-amino-n-butyric acid NIST Chemistry WebBook
γ-aminobutanoic acid NIST Chemistry WebBook
γ-Aminobuttersäure NIST Chemistry WebBook
γ-aminobutyric acid NIST Chemistry WebBook
gamma-Aminobutyric acid KEGG COMPOUND
ω-aminobutyric acid NIST Chemistry WebBook
piperidic acid ChemIDplus
piperidinic acid ChemIDplus
Database Links Databases
4-AMINO-BUTYRATE MetaCyc
ABU PDBeChem
C00001337 KNApSAcK
C00334 KEGG COMPOUND
D00058 KEGG DRUG
DB02530 DrugBank
Gamma-Aminobutyric_acid Wikipedia
HMDB00112 HMDB
LMFA01100039 LIPID MAPS
View more database links
Registry Numbers Types Sources
49775 Gmelin Registry Number Gmelin
56-12-2 CAS Registry Number ChemIDplus
56-12-2 CAS Registry Number NIST Chemistry WebBook
906818 Beilstein Registry Number Beilstein
906818 Reaxys Registry Number Reaxys
Citations Waiting for Citations Types Sources
10630630 PubMed citation CiteXplore
10930630 PubMed citation CiteXplore
16276116 PubMed citation CiteXplore
21614609 PubMed citation CiteXplore
22770225 PubMed citation CiteXplore
Last Modified
02 February 2015
General Comment
2011-01-15 The chief inhibitory neurotransmitter in the mammalian central nervous system.