ChEBI logo

ChEBI


    The database and ontology of Chemical Entities of Biological Interest

spacer

carbon dioxide (CHEBI:16526)

Search for only All in ChEBI

Main     ChEBI Ontology     Automatic Xrefs      
ChEBI Name carbon dioxide
ChEBI ID CHEBI:16526
Definition A one-carbon compound with formula CO2 in which the carbon is attached to each oxygen atom by a double bond. A colourless, odourless gas under normal conditions, it is produced during respiration by all animals, fungi and microorganisms that depend directly or indirectly on living or decaying plants for food.
Stars This entity has been manually annotated by the ChEBI Team.
Secondary ChEBI IDs CHEBI:3283, CHEBI:48829, CHEBI:13284, CHEBI:13282, CHEBI:13283, CHEBI:13285, CHEBI:23011
Supplier Information
See structure as:  Image  Applet
Save molfile Download Molfile
more structures >>
Wikipedia License
Waiting for wikipedia content
Read full article at Wikipedia
Formula Source
CO2 KEGG COMPOUND
Net Charge 0
Average Mass 44.00950
InChI
InChI=1S/CO2/c2-1-3
InChIKey
CURLTUGMZLYLDI-UHFFFAOYSA-N
SMILES
O=C=O
Metabolite of Species Source
Isolated from Homo sapiens (NCBI:9606) DOI
Roles Classification
Chemical Role(s): solvent
A liquid that can dissolve other substances (solutes) without any change in their chemical composition.
greenhouse gas
A gas in an atmosphere that absorbs and emits radiation within the thermal infrared range, so contributing to the 'greenhouse effect'.
Biological Role(s): human metabolite
Any mammalian metabolite produced during a metabolic reaction in humans (Homo sapiens).
antagonist
Substance that attaches to and blocks cell receptors that normally bind naturally occurring substances.
food packaging gas
A food additive that is a (generally inert) gas which is used to envelop foodstuffs during packing and so protect them from unwanted chemical reactions such as food spoilage or oxidation during subsequent transport and storage. The term includes propellant gases, used to expel foods from a container.
food propellant
A propellant that is used to expel foods from an aerosol container.
Application(s): refrigerant
A substance used in a thermodynamic heat pump cycle or refrigeration cycle that undergoes a phase change from a gas to a liquid and back. Refrigerants are used in air-conditioning systems and freezers or refrigerators and are assigned a "R" number (by ASHRAE - formerly the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air Conditioning Engineers), which is determined systematically according to their molecular structure.
solvent
A liquid that can dissolve other substances (solutes) without any change in their chemical composition.
vasodilator agent
A drug used to cause dilation of the blood vessels.
anaesthetic
Substance which produces loss of feeling or sensation.
food packaging gas
A food additive that is a (generally inert) gas which is used to envelop foodstuffs during packing and so protect them from unwanted chemical reactions such as food spoilage or oxidation during subsequent transport and storage. The term includes propellant gases, used to expel foods from a container.
food propellant
A propellant that is used to expel foods from an aerosol container.
View more on the ChEBI Ontology
ChEBI Ontology
Outgoing carbon dioxide (CHEBI:16526) has role anaesthetic (CHEBI:38867)
carbon dioxide (CHEBI:16526) has role antagonist (CHEBI:48706)
carbon dioxide (CHEBI:16526) has role food packaging gas (CHEBI:77974)
carbon dioxide (CHEBI:16526) has role food propellant (CHEBI:78017)
carbon dioxide (CHEBI:16526) has role greenhouse gas (CHEBI:76413)
carbon dioxide (CHEBI:16526) has role human metabolite (CHEBI:77746)
carbon dioxide (CHEBI:16526) has role refrigerant (CHEBI:78433)
carbon dioxide (CHEBI:16526) has role solvent (CHEBI:46787)
carbon dioxide (CHEBI:16526) has role vasodilator agent (CHEBI:35620)
carbon dioxide (CHEBI:16526) is a carbon oxide (CHEBI:23014)
carbon dioxide (CHEBI:16526) is a one-carbon compound (CHEBI:64708)
IUPAC Names
carbon dioxide
dioxidocarbon
Synonyms Sources
[CO2] MolBase
CARBON DIOXIDE PDBeChem
Carbon dioxide KEGG COMPOUND
carbonic anhydride UM-BBD
CO2 KEGG COMPOUND
CO2 UniProt
E 290 ChEBI
E-290 ChEBI
E290 ChEBI
R-744 ChEBI
Database Links Databases
752 MolBase
C00011 KEGG COMPOUND
c0131 UM-BBD
CARBON-DIOXIDE MetaCyc
Carbon_dioxide Wikipedia
CO2 PDBeChem
D00004 KEGG DRUG
HMDB01967 HMDB
View more database links
Registry Numbers Types Sources
124-38-9 CAS Registry Number KEGG COMPOUND
124-38-9 CAS Registry Number NIST Chemistry WebBook
124-38-9 CAS Registry Number ChemIDplus
1900390 Beilstein Registry Number Beilstein
1900390 Reaxys Registry Number Reaxys
989 Gmelin Registry Number Gmelin
Citations Waiting for Citations Types Sources
10826146 PubMed citation CiteXplore
11094503 PubMed citation CiteXplore
11584085 PubMed citation CiteXplore
11802652 PubMed citation CiteXplore
14639145 PubMed citation CiteXplore
15050588 PubMed citation CiteXplore
16591971 PubMed citation CiteXplore
16656478 PubMed citation CiteXplore
16659660 PubMed citation CiteXplore
17190796 PubMed citation CiteXplore
17448243 PubMed citation CiteXplore
17878298 PubMed citation CiteXplore
17884085 PubMed citation CiteXplore
19043767 PubMed citation CiteXplore
19259576 PubMed citation CiteXplore
19854893 PubMed citation CiteXplore
23384758 PubMed citation CiteXplore
23828359 PubMed citation CiteXplore
24258718 PubMed citation CiteXplore
8482095 PubMed citation CiteXplore
8818713 PubMed citation CiteXplore
8869828 PubMed citation CiteXplore
9611769 PubMed citation CiteXplore
9730350 PubMed citation CiteXplore
Last Modified
07 May 2014

spacer
spacer