CHEBI:15767 - dichloromethane

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ChEBI Name dichloromethane
ChEBI ID CHEBI:15767
Definition A member of the class of chloromethanes that is methane in which two of the hydrogens have been replaced by chlorine. A dense, non-flammible colourless liquid at room temperature (b.p. 40°C, d = 1.33) which is immiscible with water, it is widely used as a solvent, a paint stripper, and for the removal of caffeine from coffee and tea.
Stars This entity has been manually annotated by the ChEBI Team.
Secondary ChEBI IDs CHEBI:4504, CHEBI:14139, CHEBI:23701
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Formula CH2Cl2
Net Charge 0
Average Mass 84.93198
Monoisotopic Mass 83.953
InChI InChI=1S/CH2Cl2/c2-1-3/h1H2
InChIKey YMWUJEATGCHHMB-UHFFFAOYSA-N
SMILES [H]C([H])(Cl)Cl
Roles Classification
Chemical Role(s): polar aprotic solvent
A solvent with a comparatively high relative permittivity (or dielectric constant), greater than ca. 15, and a sizable permanent dipole moment, that cannot donate suitably labile hydrogen atoms to form strong hydrogen bonds.
Biological Role(s): carcinogenic agent
A role played by a chemical compound which is known to induce a process of carcinogenesis by corrupting normal cellular pathways, leading to the acquistion of tumoral capabilities.
Application(s): refrigerant
A substance used in a thermodynamic heat pump cycle or refrigeration cycle that undergoes a phase change from a gas to a liquid and back. Refrigerants are used in air-conditioning systems and freezers or refrigerators and are assigned a "R" number (by ASHRAE - formerly the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air Conditioning Engineers), which is determined systematically according to their molecular structure.
polar aprotic solvent
A solvent with a comparatively high relative permittivity (or dielectric constant), greater than ca. 15, and a sizable permanent dipole moment, that cannot donate suitably labile hydrogen atoms to form strong hydrogen bonds.
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ChEBI Ontology
Outgoing dichloromethane (CHEBI:15767) has role carcinogenic agent (CHEBI:50903)
dichloromethane (CHEBI:15767) has role polar aprotic solvent (CHEBI:48358)
dichloromethane (CHEBI:15767) has role refrigerant (CHEBI:78433)
dichloromethane (CHEBI:15767) is a chloromethanes (CHEBI:23148)
dichloromethane (CHEBI:15767) is a volatile organic compound (CHEBI:134179)
IUPAC Name
dichloromethane
Synonyms Sources
chlorure de méthylène ChemIDplus
DCM NIST Chemistry WebBook
Dichlormethan ChEBI
Dichloromethane KEGG COMPOUND
dichloromethane UniProt
dichlorométhane ChEBI
methane dichloride NIST Chemistry WebBook
Methylenchlorid ChEBI
methylene bichloride NIST Chemistry WebBook
Methylene chloride KEGG COMPOUND
Methylene dichloride KEGG COMPOUND
Database Links Databases
C02271 KEGG COMPOUND
c0233 UM-BBD
CPD-681 MetaCyc
D02330 KEGG DRUG
Dichloromethane Wikipedia
HMDB31548 HMDB
US2792435 Patent
US2979541 Patent
US3126419 Patent
View more database links
Registry Numbers Types Sources
1302 Gmelin Registry Number Gmelin
1730800 Beilstein Registry Number Beilstein
1730800 Reaxys Registry Number Reaxys
75-09-2 CAS Registry Number ChemIDplus
75-09-2 CAS Registry Number NIST Chemistry WebBook
Citations Waiting for Citations Types Sources
11884241 PubMed citation Europe PMC
19091298 PubMed citation Europe PMC
8465711 PubMed citation Europe PMC
Last Modified
15 December 2016