CHEBI:34779 - glyoxal

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ChEBI Name glyoxal
Definition The dialdehyde that is the smallest possible and which consists of ethane having oxo groups on both carbons.
Stars This entity has been manually annotated by the ChEBI Team.
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Formula C2H2O2
Net Charge 0
Average Mass 58.036
Monoisotopic Mass 58.00548
InChI InChI=1S/C2H2O2/c3-1-2-4/h1-2H
Roles Classification
Biological Role(s): plant growth regulator
A chemical, natural or artificial, that can affect the rate of growth of a plant.
A chemical compound, or part thereof, which causes the onset of an allergic reaction by interacting with any of the molecular pathways involved in an allergy.
Application(s): pesticide
Strictly, a substance intended to kill pests. In common usage, any substance used for controlling, preventing, or destroying animal, microbiological or plant pests.
An agrochemical is a substance that is used in agriculture or horticulture.
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ChEBI Ontology
Outgoing glyoxal (CHEBI:34779) has role agrochemical (CHEBI:33286)
glyoxal (CHEBI:34779) has role allergen (CHEBI:50904)
glyoxal (CHEBI:34779) has role pesticide (CHEBI:25944)
glyoxal (CHEBI:34779) has role plant growth regulator (CHEBI:26155)
glyoxal (CHEBI:34779) is a dialdehyde (CHEBI:38124)
Incoming glyoxime (CHEBI:131408) has functional parent glyoxal (CHEBI:34779)
indole-3-glyoxal (CHEBI:133418) has functional parent glyoxal (CHEBI:34779)
Synonyms Sources
1,2-Ethanedione ChemIDplus
Biformal ChemIDplus
Biformyl ChemIDplus
Diformal ChemIDplus
Diformyl ChemIDplus
ethane-1,2-dial ChEBI
Ethanedial ChemIDplus
glyoxal UniProt
glyoxal aldehyde NIST Chemistry WebBook
glyoxylaldehyde NIST Chemistry WebBook
oxal ChEBI
Oxalaldehyde ChemIDplus
Manual Xrefs Databases
272 PPDB
CPD-8887 MetaCyc
FDB007802 FooDB
Glyoxal Wikipedia
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Registry Numbers Types Sources
107-22-2 CAS Registry Number NIST Chemistry WebBook
107-22-2 CAS Registry Number ChemIDplus
1732463 Reaxys Registry Number Reaxys
1732463 Beilstein Registry Number ChemIDplus
Citations Waiting for Citations Types Sources
11833298 PubMed citation Europe PMC
15899002 PubMed citation Europe PMC
18343213 PubMed citation Europe PMC
18533367 PubMed citation Europe PMC
23180757 PubMed citation Europe PMC
23531876 PubMed citation Europe PMC
23543734 PubMed citation Europe PMC
23990306 PubMed citation Europe PMC
9506998 PubMed citation Europe PMC
Last Modified
12 October 2020
General Comments
2010-12-14 Used as a building block in organic synthesis, a disinfecting agent and a biocide, it is also produced non-enzymatically during normal cellular metabolism.
2010-12-14 It attacks the amino groups of proteins, nucleotides and lipids and is considered an important intermediate in the formation of avanced glycation endproducts (AGEs), with deleterious effects.