E-TABM-176 - Transcription profiling of sigmoid colon mucosal biopsies from irritable bowel syndrome patients and healthy control subjects

Released on 24 November 2007, last updated on 18 May 2016
Homo sapiens
Samples (61)
Array (1)
Protocols (5)
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a highly prevalent disorder of the gastrointestinal tract characterized by abdominal pain, bloating, and disturbed bowel function. Here we report on the analysis of microarray expression profiles of sigmoid colon mucosal biopsies from IBS patients and healthy control subjects. Two samples were collected from each individual. From 10 individuals, a third sample was collected 2-3 months after the initial collection. The repeat samples were used to assess the robustness of the expression profiles over different locations within the colon and over time. This analysis revealed a number of differentially expressed genes in IBS patients, which point to functional alterations of specific components of the host defence system and the immune response. This is in support of an important role for peripheral gastrointestinal changes underlying the aetiology of IBS. Two gene probe sets with the most strikingly increased expression in mucosal colon biopsies of IBS patients represent a gene that is, as yet, uncharacterised (DKFZP564O0823). We propose to rename this gene IBS1. We also report on the identification of specific sets of gene probes on the microarray, so-called molecular signatures, which enable the distinction of IBS patients from healthy controls. The expression profiles in IBS are consistent across different sites within the sigmoid colon and are stable over time.
Experiment types
transcription profiling by array, disease state
Alterations in mucosal immunity identified in the colon of patients with irritable bowel syndrome. Aerssens J, Camilleri M, Talloen W, Thielemans L, Göhlmann HW, Van Den Wyngaert I, Thielemans T, De Hoogt R, Andrews CN, Bharucha AE, Carlson PJ, Busciglio I, Burton DD, Smyrk T, Urrutia R, Coulie B. , Europe PMC 18237869