E-MTAB-767 - Genomic binding of Pol III transcription machinery and relationship with TFIIS distribution in mouse embryonic stem cells
Released on 16 September 2011, last updated on 2 May 2014
RNA polymerase (RNA Pol) III synthesizes the tRNAs, the 5S ribosomal RNA and a small number of untranslated RNAs. In vitro, it also transcribes short interspersed nuclear elements (SINEs). We investigated the distribution of RNA Pol III and its associated transcription factors on the genome of mouse embryonic stem (ES) cell using a highly specific tandem ChIP-Seq method. Only a subset of the annotated class-III genes was bound and thus transcribed. A few hundred SINEs were associated with the RNA Pol III transcription machinery. We observed that RNA Pol III and its transcription factors were present at thirty unannotated sites on the mouse genome, only one of which was conserved in human. An RNA was associated with more than 80% of these regions. More than 2200 regions bound by TFIIIC transcription factor were devoid of RNA Pol III. These sites are correlated with association of CTCF and the cohesin. Cohesin has been shown to occupy sites bound by CTCF and to contribute to DNA loop formation associated with gene repression or activation. This observation suggests that TFIIIC may play a role in chromosome organization in mouse. We also investigated the genome-wide distribution of the ubiquitous TFIIS variant, TCEA1. We found that, as in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, TFIIS is associated with class III genes and also with SINEs suggesting that TFIIS is a RNA Pol III transcription factor in mammals. We performed ChIP-seq experiment on mouse ES cells, in order to analyse the distribution of the RNA Pol III, with two of its subunits, RPC1 and RPC4, of the two distinct forms of the transcription factor TFIIIB, with BRF1 and BRF2, respectively subunit of TFIIIB-beta, and TFIIIB-alpha form, and three subunits of the transcription factor TFIIIC, TFIIIC90, TFIIIC110, TFIIIC220. We also analysed the distribution of the RNA Pol II elongation factor TCEA1. We used tagged proteins, in order to develop a highly specific and generic ChIP-seq protocol. A sequence encoding a 6 histidine-Flag-HA tag was inserted just after the last codon of the gene encoding proteins of the RNA Pol III machinery subunits, or just after the start codon for TCEA1, using the recombineering technology. Untagged ES cell line was used as negative control for data processing. Our dataset comprises of ten ChIP-seq samples, eight from tagged proteins, two from untagged cell line.
ChIP-seq, binding site identification, genetic modification, high throughput sequencing
Genomic binding of Pol III transcription machinery and relationship with TFIIS transcription factor distribution in mouse embryonic stem cells. Carriere, Lucie; Graziani, Sebastien; Alibert, Olivier; Ghavi-Helm, Yad; Boussouar, Faycal; Humbertclaude, Helene; Jounier, Sylvie; Aude, Jean-Christophe; Keime, Celine; Murvai, Janos; Foglio, Mario; Gut, Marta; Gut, Ivo; Lathrop, Mark; Soutourina, Julie; Gerard, Matthieu; Werner, Michel. Nucleic Acids Res , PMID:21911356
Genomic binding of Pol III transcription machinery and relationship with TFIIS transcription factor distribution in mouse embryonic stem cells. Carrière L, Graziani S, Alibert O, Ghavi-Helm Y, Boussouar F, Humbertclaude H, Jounier S, Aude JC, Keime C, Murvai J, Foglio M, Gut M, Gut I, Lathrop M, Soutourina J, Gérard M, Werner M. :270-283 (2012), PMID:21911356