E-MTAB-3831 - Downregulation of Plzf gene ameliorates metabolic and cardiac traits in the spontaneously hypertensive rat
Submitted on 18 July 2014, released on 3 July 2016, last updated on 28 December 2016
The spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) is the most widely used model of essential hypertension and is predisposed to left ventricular hypertrophy, myocardial fibrosis, and metabolic disturbances. Recently, a quantitative trait locus (QTL) influencing blood pressure, left ventricular mass and heart interstitial fibrosis was genetically isolated within 788 kb on chromosome 8 segment of SHR-PD5 congenic strain that contains only 7 genes, including mutant Plzf (promyelocytic leukemia zinc finger) gene. To identify Plzf as a quantitative trait gene, we targeted Plzf in the SHR using the TALEN technique and obtained SHR line harboring mutant Plzf gene with a premature stop codon at position of amino acid 58. The Plzf mutant allele is semi-lethal since approximately 95% of newborn homozygous animals die perinatally due to multiple developmental abnormalities. Heterozygous rats were grossly normal and were used for metabolic and hemodynamic analyses. SHR-Plzf+/- heterozygotes versus SHR wild type controls exhibited reduced body weight and relative weight of epididymal fat, lower serum and liver triglycerides and cholesterol and better glucose tolerance. In addition, SHR-Plzf+/- rats exhibited significantly increased sensitivity of adipose and muscle tissue to insulin action when compared to wild type controls. Blood pressure was comparable in SHR versus SHR-Plzf+/-, however, there was significant amelioration of cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and cardiac fibrosis in SHR-Plzf+/- rats. Gene expression profiles in the liver and expression of selected genes in the heart revealed differentially expressed genes playing a role in metabolic pathways, PPAR signaling, and cell cycle regulation. These results provide evidence for an important role of Plzf in regulation of metabolic and cardiac traits in the rat and suggest a cross-talk between cell cycle regulators, metabolism, cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis.
transcription profiling by array, genetic modification design
Downregulation of Plzf gene ameliorates metabolic and cardiac traits in the spontaneously hypertensive rat. Liska F, Landa V, Zidek V, Mlejnek P, Silhavy J, Simakova M, Strnad H, Kazdova L, Izsvak Z, Mancini M, Kren V, Pravenec M.