E-MTAB-3070 - Gene expression profiling of MafA, MafB, and MafA/MafB Mutants in E18.5 pancreas
Released on 4 November 2014, last updated on 5 November 2014
MafA and MafB transcription factors have been shown to be key regulators of insulin and glucagon transcription. MafB is essential for alpha and beta cell differentiation, as MafB deficient mice produced fewer insulin+ and glucagon+ cells during development, with MafA expressed in remaining insulin+ cells. In contrast, beta cell development was reported to be normal in a total MafA knock out, although the animals developed beta cell dysfunction and diabetes as adults. However, we have found that MafB expression is elevated during development and retained in adult insulin+ cells after conditional removal of MafA in the pancreas. These studies will evaluate the broader significance of these insulin and glucagon regulators in alpha and beta cell development and function. Our efforts will focus on determining if the concerted actions of MafA and MafB factors are significant to beta cell formation, and we specifically plan to: Determine how alpha and beta cell differentiation is affected in MafA/MafB compound mutant mice during pancreas development. cDNA microarray studies (pancchip 6.0) with wild type, MafAKO, MafB-/-, and MafAKOMafB-/- mutant E18.5 pancreata will be performed to comprehensively identify genes controlled by MafA and MafB in developing alpha and beta cells.
transcription profiling by array, genetic modification design