E-MTAB-1195 - Transcription profiling by array of liver samples from ApoE mice to study the the impact of cigarette smoke on lipidomes
Last updated on 2 October 2013, released on 3 October 2013
Objective: Although relationships between smoking and cardiovascular diseases (CVD), and CVD and lipids are established, direct impact of cigarette smoke (CS) on lipidomes remains elusive. We investigated the effect of 6 month smoke exposure on a well-established mouse model for human atherogenesis, Apoe mouse plasma, liver, and aorta molecular lipid profiles and liver transcriptome. // Methods: Plasma, liver, and aorta samples from Apoe mice exposed to CS or fresh air for 6 months were extracted for lipids using robotic-assisted method and analyzed by mass spectrometry. Gene expression of samples from the same livers was obtained on microarrays. Development of atherosclerosis in aorta was further assessed by plaque size measurement in the aortic arch and lipoprotein measurements in plasma and in the plaque. // Results: CS increased most lipid classes and molecular lipid species in tissues evaluated. In plasma, free cholesterol, ceramides, cerebrosides, and majority of phospholipids were increased in CS-exposed mice. In liver, CS elevated several lipid species including free and esterified cholesterol, triacylglycerols, phospholipids, sphingomyelins, and ceramides. In aorta, more than 2-fold higher cholesteryl ester (CE), lysophosphatidylcholine, and glucosyl/galactosylceramide levels were recorded in mice exposed to CS compared to mice exposed to fresh air. Moreover, CS exposure induced a significant decrease in several plasma CE and phosphatidylcholine species that contained polyunsaturated fatty acids. Genes involved in amino acid and lipid metabolism showed perturbed transcription profiles in liver. // Conclusion: These data reveal molecular details accompanying the increase in plaque size, sign of atherogenesis in Apoe mice, which is accelerated by CS exposure.
transcription profiling by array, compound treatment, in vivo
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