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E-GEOD-84982 - Different responses of Caco-2 and MCF-7 cells to silver nanoparticles are based on highly similar mechanisms of action

Released on 30 July 2016, last updated on 7 August 2016
Homo sapiens
Samples (73)
Array (1)
Protocols (7)
The mode of action of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) is suggested to be exerted through both Ag+ and AgNP dependent mechanisms. Ingestion is one of the major NP exposure routes, and potential effects are often studied using Caco-2 cells, a well-established model for the gut epithelium. MCF-7 cells are epithelial breast cancer cells with extensive well-characterized toxicogenomics profiles. In the present study we aimed to gain a deeper understanding of the cellular molecular responses in Caco-2 and MCF-7 cells after AgNP exposure in order to evaluate whether epithelial cells derived from different tissues demonstrated similar responses. These insights could possibly reduce the size of cell panels for NP hazard identification screening purposes. AgNPs of 20, 30, 60, and 110 nm, and AgNO3 were exposed for 6h and 24h. AgNPs were shown to be taken up and dissolve intracellularly. Compared with MCF-7 cells, Caco-2 cells showed a higher sensitivity to AgNPs, slower gene expression kinetics, and absence of NP size-dependent responses. However, on a molecular level, no significant differences were observed between the two cell types. Transcriptomic analysis showed that Ag(NP) exposure caused (oxidative) stress responses, possibly leading to cell death in both cell lines. There was no indication for effects specifically induced by AgNPs. Responses to AgNPs appeared to be induced by silver ions released from the AgNPs. In conclusion, differences in mRNA responses to AgNPs between Caco-2 and MCF-7 cells were mainly related to timing and magnitude, but not to a different underlying mechanism. In total 73 samples are analyzed (24 different samples all n=3; except for 1 sample with n=4). Twelve of the 24 different samples are extracted from Caco-2 cells, 6 samples at t=6h and 6 at t=24h The other 12 different of the 24 samples are extracted from MCF-7 cells, 6 samples at t=6h and 6 at t=24h For each cell type and each timepoint one of the 6 samples was a negative control sample
Experiment type
transcription profiling by array 
Joren Bokkers <>, Ad A Peijnenburg, Anna K Undas, David Garry, Elsa C Antunes Fernandes, Evelien Kramer, Hans Bouwmeester, Hans J Marvin, Marco P Monopoli, Meike van der Zande, Peter J Hendriksen, Ruud J Peters
Investigation descriptionE-GEOD-84982.idf.txt
Sample and data relationshipE-GEOD-84982.sdrf.txt
Processed data (1)
Additional data (1)
Array designA-GEOD-10558.adf.txt