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E-GEOD-77760 - Genome-wide analysis of Prz1 in fission yeast reveals a novel inhibitory role in flocculation and a conserved activating role in cell wall organization [ChIP-chip]

Released on 10 February 2016, last updated on 22 February 2016
Schizosaccharomyces pombe
Samples (8)
Array (1)
Protocols (7)
Gene regulation in response to intracellular calcium is mediated by the calcineurin-activated transcription factor Prz1 in the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe. Genome-wide studies of the Crz1 and CrzA fungal orthologs have uncovered numerous target genes involved in conserved and species-specific cellular processes. In contrast, very few target genes of Prz1 have been published. This paper identified an extensive list of genes using transcriptome and ChIP-chip analyses under inducing conditions of Prz1, including CaCl2, and tunicamycin treatment, as well as a ∆pmr1 genetic background. We identified 165 upregulated putative target genes of Prz1 in which the majority contained a calcium-dependent response element in their promoters, similar to that of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae ortholog Crz1. These genes were functionally enriched for Crz1-conserved processes such as cell wall biosynthesis. Overexpression of prz1+ increased resistance to the cell wall degradation enzyme zymolyase, likely from upregulation of the O-mannosyltransferase encoding gene omh1+. Loss of omh1+ abrogates this phenotype. We uncovered a novel inhibitory role in flocculation for Prz1. Loss of prz1+ resulted in constitutive flocculation and upregulation of genes encoding the flocculins Gsf2 and Pfl3, as well as the transcription factor Cbf12. The constitutive flocculation of the ∆prz1 strain was abrogated by the loss of gsf2+ or cbf12+. This study reveals that Prz1 functions as a positive and negative transcriptional regulator of genes involved in cell wall biosynthesis and flocculation, respectively. Moreover, comparison of target genes between Crz1/CrzA and Prz1 indicate some conservation in DNA-binding specificity, but also substantial rewiring of the calcineurin-mediated transcriptional-regulatory network. We generated 2 ChIP-chip experiments, each with a biological replicate performed as a dye swap.
Experiment type
ChIP-chip by tiling array 
Eun-Joo G Kwon, Gordon Chua, Kate Chatfield-Reed, Lianne Vachon
Investigation descriptionE-GEOD-77760.idf.txt
Sample and data relationshipE-GEOD-77760.sdrf.txt
Raw data (1)
Processed data (1)
Array designA-GEOD-16235.adf.txt