Please note that we have stopped the regular imports of Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) data into ArrayExpress. This may not be the latest version of this experiment.
E-GEOD-7623 - Transcription profiling of rat liver and adipose tissues after 24 h-fasting
Submitted on 25 April 2007, released on 15 June 2008, last updated on 2 May 2014
The functional balance between brown adipose tissue (BAT) and white adipose tissue (WAT) is important for metabolic homeostasis. We compared the effects of fasting on the gene expression profiles in BAT, WAT and liver, using DNA microarray analysis. Tissues were obtained from rats that had been fed or fasted for 24 h. Taking the false discovery rate (FDR) into account, we extracted the top 1,000 genes that were expressed differentially between fed and fasted rats. In all three tissues, Gene Ontology analysis revealed marked changes in the expression of ‘metabolism’ category genes and a hypergeometric test demonstrated that within this category, lipid and protein biosynthesis-related genes were down-regulated. These findings indicate simultaneous down-regulation of genes involved in energy-consuming pathways in the BAT, WAT and liver of fasted rats. In the BAT of fasted rats, there was marked up-regulation of genes in the ‘protein ubiquitination’ category, suggesting that the ubiquitin-proteasome system is involved in saving energy as an adaptation to food shortage. Experiment Overall Design: Rats (7-week-old) were given a commercial diet between 10:00 and 16:00 for 7 days. At 10:00 on day 8, they were divided into two groups that comprised animals of similar body weights. One group continued to be fed as described above (fed group, n=4 for array analysis), whereas the other group were not fed (fasted group, n=4 for array analysis). Both groups received water ad libitum. At 16:00 on day 8, the liver, interscapular BAT and perinephrial WAT were excised, and analyzed for fasting effect.
transcription profiling by array, unknown experiment type
Up-regulation of genes related to the ubiquitin-proteasome system in the brown adipose tissue of 24-h-fasted rats. Yuji Nakai, Hiroko Hashida, Koji Kadota, Michiko Minami, Kentaro Shimizu, Ichiro Matsumoto, Hisanori Kato, Keiko Abe. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem 72(1):139-48 (2008)