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E-GEOD-7161 - siRNA profiling of stable HCT116-siTop1 and MCF-7-siTop1 cell lines reveal non-classical functions of human Topoisomerase I:

Released on 15 June 2008, last updated on 10 June 2011
Homo sapiens
Samples (12)
Array (1)
Protocols (6)
The biological functions of nuclear topoisomerase I (Top1) have been difficult to study because knocking out TOP1 is lethal in metazoans. To reveal the functions of human Top1, we have generated stable Top1siRNA cell lines from colon and breast carcinomas (HCT116-siTop1 and MCF-7-siTop1, respectively). In those cells, Top2 compensates for Top1 deficiency. A prominent feature of the siTop1 cells is genomic instability, with chromosomal aberrations and histone gamma-H2AX foci associated with replication. siTop1 cells also show rDNA and nucleolar alterations, and increased nuclear volume. Genome-wide transcription profiling revealed 55 genes with consistent changes in siTop1 cells. Among them, asparagine synthetase (ASNS) was reduced in siTop1 cells, as it also was in cells with transient Top1 downregulation. Conversely, Top1 complementation increased ASNS, indicating a causal link between Top1 and ASNS expression. Correspondingly, pharmacological profiling showed l-asparaginase hypersensitivity in the siTop1 cells. Resistance to camptothecin, aphidicolin, hydroxyurea and staurosporine, and hypersensitivity to etoposide and actinomycin D demonstrated that Top1, in addition to being the target of camptothecins, also regulates DNA replication, rDNA stability and apoptosis. Overall, our studies demonstrate the pleiotropic nature of human Top1 activities. In addition to its classical DNA nicking-closing functions, Top1 plays critical non-classical roles in genomic stability, gene-specific transcription, and response to various anticancer agents. Experiment Overall Design: We are using Affymetrix whole genome array U133 Plus 2, which is a single color microarray platform. For colon experiments, we analyzed 2 different samples as 4 replicates. For breast experiments, we analyzed 2 samples as replicates.
Experiment types
RNAi profiling by array, unknown experiment type
Investigation descriptionE-GEOD-7161.idf.txt
Sample and data relationshipE-GEOD-7161.sdrf.txt
Raw data (1)
Processed data (1)
Array designA-AFFY-44.adf.txt
R ExpressionSetE-GEOD-7161.eSet.r