E-GEOD-7067 - Transcription profiling of human T-ALL samples to investigate synergistic interaction of gamma-secretase inhibitor therapy and glucocorticoids
Submitted on 19 February 2007, released on 13 January 2009, last updated on 2 May 2014
Glucocorticoids are an essential component of the treatment of lymphoid malignancies and resistance to glucocorticoid therapy constitutes a prominent clinical problem in relapsed and refractory lymphoblastic leukemias. Constitutively active NOTCH signaling is involved in the pathogenesis of over 50% of T-cell lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) which harbor activating mutations in the NOTCH1 gene. Aberrant NOTCH1 signaling has been shown to protect normal thymocytes from glucocorticoid induced cell death. Here we analyzed the interaction of glucocorticoid therapy with inhibition of NOTCH signaling in the treatment of T-ALL. Gamma-secretase inhibitors (GSI), which block the activation of NOTCH receptors, amplified the transcriptional changes induced by glucocorticoid treatment, including glucocorticoid receptor autoinduction and restored sensitivity to dexamethasone in glucocorticoid-resistant T-ALL cells. Apoptosis induction upon inhibition of NOTCH signaling and activation of the glucocorticoid receptor was dependent on transcriptional upregulation of BIM and subsequent activation of the mitochondrial/intrinsic cell death pathway. Finally, we used a mouse xenograft model of T-ALL to demonstrate that combined treatment with dexamethasone and a GSI results in improved antileukemic effects in vivo. These studies provide insight in the mechanisms of glucocorticoid resistance and serve as rationale for the use of glucocorticoid and GSIs in combination in the treatment of T-ALL. Experiment Overall Design: Duplicate samples (biologic replicas) from CUTLL1 cells were treated for 24 hours with vehicle only (DMSO), dexamethasone (1microM), a gamma-secretase inhibitor (CompE 100nM) and a combination of dexamethasome plus gamma secretase inhibitor at the same concentrations indicated before. Gene expression profiling was analyzed to identify gene expression signatures assocuated with glucocorticoid treatment (dexamethasone), inhibition of NOTCH1 by gamma secretase inhibitor (CompE) or the combination of both treatments.
transcription profiling by array, unknown experiment type