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E-GEOD-61030 - H2B mono-ubiquitylation facilitates fork stalling and recovery during replication stress by coordinating Rad53 activation and chromatin assembly

Status
Released on 12 September 2014, last updated on 20 September 2014
Organism
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Samples (36)
Array (1)
Protocols (6)
Description
The influence of mono-ubiquitylation of histone H2B (H2Bub) on transcription via nucleosome reassembly has been widely documented. Recently, it has also been shown that H2Bub promotes recovery from replication stress; however, the underling molecular mechanism remains unclear. Here, we show that H2B ubiquitylation coordinates activation of the intra-S replication checkpoint and chromatin re-assembly, in order to limit fork progression and DNA damage in the presence of replication stress. In particular, we show that the absence of H2Bub affects replication dynamics (enhanced fork progression and reduced origin firing), leading to γH2A accumulation and increased hydroxyurea sensitivity. Further genetic analysis indicates a role for H2Bub in transducing Rad53 phosphorylation. Concomitantly, we found that a change in replication dynamics is not due to a change in dNTP level, but is mediated by reduced Rad53 activation and destabilization of the RecQ helicase Sgs1 at the fork. Furthermore, we demonstrate that H2Bub facilitates the dissociation of the histone chaperone Asf1 from Rad53, and nucleosome reassembly behind the fork is compromised in cells lacking H2Bub. Taken together, these results indicate that the regulation of H2B ubiquitylation is a key event in the maintenance of genome stability, through coordination of intra-S checkpoint activation, chromatin assembly and replication fork progression. S.cerevisiae oligonucleotide microarrays were provided by Affymetrix (S.cerevisiae Tiling 1.0R, P/N 900645). BrdU and proteins ChIP-chip analyses were carried out as described (Fachinetti et al., M Cell, 2010).
Experiment type
ChIP-chip by tiling array 
Contacts
Cheng-Fu Kao <ckao@gate.sinica.edu.tw>, A Chabes, CF Kao, CY Lin, CY Wang, D Devys, D E Wright, GS W Hsu, HY Tseng, L Marjavaara, MS Lai, MY Wu, S Gay, SH Hung, WC Hsiao
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