Please note that we have stopped the regular imports of Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) data into ArrayExpress. This may not be the latest version of this experiment.
E-GEOD-59434 - Systematic Identification of Defined Conditions for Induction and Maintenance of Naive Human Pluripotency [ChIP-Seq]
Released on 16 July 2014, last updated on 13 August 2014
Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) of mice and humans have distinct molecular and biological characteristics, raising the question whether an earlier ‘naive’ state of pluripotency may exist in humans. Here we took a systematic approach to identify small molecules that support autonomous self-renewal of naive human ESCs based on maintenance of endogenous OCT4 distal enhancer activity, a molecular signature of ground state pluripotency. Iterative chemical screening identified a combination of five kinase inhibitors that induces and maintains OCT4 distal enhancer activity when applied directly to conventional human ESCs. These inhibitors generate a homogeneous population of human pluripotent stem cells in which transcription factors associated with the ground state of pluripotency are highly upregulated. Comparison with previously reported naive human ESCs indicates that our kinase inhibitor cocktail captures a novel pluripotent state in humans that closely resembles mouse ESCs. ChIP-seq data from human embryonic stem cells in naive and primed conditions were generated by deep sequencing using Illumina Hi-Seq 2000.
Jessica Reddy, Rudolf Jaenisch, Thorold W Theunissen, Zi P Fan