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E-GEOD-58952 - IL-37 protects against obesity-induced inflammation and insulin resistance

Status
Released on 18 May 2015, last updated on 24 May 2015
Organism
Mus musculus
Samples (8)
Array (1)
Protocols (7)
Description
Cytokines of the IL-1 family are important modulators of obesity-induced inflammation and the development of systemic insulin resistance. Here, we report that IL-37, a newly-described antiinflammatory member of the IL-1 family, affects obesity-induced inflammation and insulin resistance. IL-37 transgenic mice (IL-37tg) did not develop an obese phenotype in response to a high-fat diet (HFD). Unlike WT mice, IL-37tg mice exhibited reduced numbers of adipose tissue macrophages and preserved glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity after 16 weeks of HFD. A short-term HFD intervention revealed that the IL-37-mediated improvement in glucose tolerance is independent of bodyweight. IL-37tg mice manifested a beneficial metabolic profile with higher circulating levels of the anti-inflammatory adipokine adiponectin. In vitro treatment of differentiating adipocytes with recombinant IL-37 reduced adipogenesis. The beneficial effects of recombinant IL-37 involved activation of AMPK signaling. In humans, steady-state IL-37 adipose tissue mRNA levels were positively correlated with insulin sensitivity, lower adipose tissue levels of leptin and a lower inflammatory status of the adipose tissue. These findings reveal IL-37 as an important anti-inflammatory modulator during obesity-induced inflammation and insulin resistance in both mice and humans and suggest that IL-37 is a potential target for the treatment of obesity-induced insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Gene arrays were performed on epidydimal white adipose tissue samples from wild type and human IL37-overexpressing transgenic mice fed a high fat diet for 16 weeks.
Experiment type
transcription profiling by array 
Contacts
Guido Hooiveld <guido.hooiveld@wur.nl>, Dov B Ballak, Janna A van Diepen, Mark V Boekschoten, Michael Müller, Rinke Stienstra, Sander Kersten
Citation
IL-37 protects against obesity-induced inflammation and insulin resistance. Ballak DB, van Diepen JA, Moschen AR, Jansen HJ, Hijmans A, Groenhof GJ, Leenders F, Bufler P, Boekschoten MV, M�ller M, Kersten S, Li S, Kim S, Eini H, Lewis EC, Joosten LA, Tilg H, Netea MG, Tack CJ, Dinarello CA, Stienstra R.
MIAME
PlatformsProtocolsVariablesProcessedRaw
Files
Investigation descriptionE-GEOD-58952.idf.txt
Sample and data relationshipE-GEOD-58952.sdrf.txt
Raw data (1)E-GEOD-58952.raw.1.zip
Processed data (1)E-GEOD-58952.processed.1.zip
Array designA-GEOD-11533.adf.txt
Links